23.1. Introducing GNSS/GPS Data
GPS, the Global Positioning System, is a satellite-based system that allows anyone with a GPS receiver to find their exact position anywhere in the world. GPS is used as an aid in navigation, for example in airplanes, in boats and by hikers. The GPS receiver uses the signals from the satellites to calculate its latitude, longitude and (sometimes) elevation. Most receivers also have the capability to store:
locations (known as waypoints)
sequences of locations that make up a planned route
and a track log of the receiver’s movement over time.
Waypoints, routes and tracks are the three basic feature types in GPS data. QGIS displays waypoints in point layers, while routes and tracks are displayed in linestring layers.
QGIS는 GNSS 수신기도 지원하고 있습니다. 그러나 이 문서에서는 계속 GPS라는 용어를 사용할 것입니다.
23.1.2. Defining GPS device types
There are lots of different types of GPS devices. QGIS allows you to define your own device type and set parameters of use under GPSBabel for more details.tab. Read
새 기기 유형을 생성하고 나면, Download from GPS 및 Upload to GPS 탭에 있는 기기 유형 목록에 추가될 것입니다.
23.1.3. Transferring or loading GPS data
GPS 데이터를 저장하기 위한 수십 개의 서로 다른 파일 포맷이 있습니다. QGIS가 이용하는 포맷은 GPX(GPS eXchange format)라고 불리는데, 동일 파일 내에 웨이포인트, 루트 및 트랙을 얼마든지 담을 수 있는 표준 교환(interchange) 포맷입니다.
To load a
Open the GPS tab in the Data Source Manager dialog, i.e.:
Use the … Browse button next to the GPX dataset option to select the GPX file
Use the check boxes to select the Feature types you want to load from the file. Each feature type (Waypoints, Tracks or Routes) will be loaded in a separate layer.
Since QGIS uses GPX files, you need a way to convert other GPS file formats to GPX. This can be done for many formats using the free program GPSBabel. This program can also transfer GPS data between your computer and a GPS device. QGIS relies on GPSBabel to do these things and provides you with convenient Processing algorithms available under the GPS group.
GPS units allow you to store data in different coordinate systems. When downloading a GPX file (from your GPS unit or a web site) and then loading it in QGIS, be sure that the data stored in the GPX file uses WGS 84 (latitude/longitude). QGIS expects this, and it is the official GPX specification. See GPX 1.1 Schema Documentation.