Outdated version of the documentation. Find the latest one here.

L’Oggetto Mappa

Clicca sul pulsante addMap Aggiungi mappa presente nella barra degli strumenti del compositore di stampe per aggiungere una mappa. Ora tieni premuto il pulsante del mouse e trascina il rettangolo corrispondente per aggiungere la mappa. Per visualizzare la mappa attuale puoi scegliere fra tre differenti modalità accessibili dalla scheda Proprietà oggetto:

  • Rettangolo è l’impostazione predefinita. Visualizza un rettangolo vuoto con la scritta ‘La mappa verrà stampata qui’.

  • Cache disegna la mappa alla risoluzione corrente dello schermo. Se ingrandisci/rimpiccolisci la finestra del compositore di stampe, la mappa non viene ridisegnata, ma l’immagine viene scalata.

  • Render means that if you zoom the Composer window in or out, the map will be rendered again, but for space reasons, only up to a maximum resolution.

Cache è la modalità predefinita per ogni nuova composizione di stampa.

You can resize the map item by clicking on the select Select/Move item button, selecting the element, and dragging one of the blue handles in the corner of the map. This button also helps to move the map to another place. Select the item and while holding the left mouse button, move to the new place and release the mouse button. After you have found the right place for an item, you can lock the item position within the Print Composer canvas. Select the map item and use the toolbar locked Lock Selected Items or the Items tab to Lock the item. A locked item can only be selected using the Items tab. Once selected you can use the Items tab to unlock individual items. The unlocked Unlock All Items icon will unlock all locked composer items. With the map selected, you can now adapt more properties in the map Item Properties tab.

To move layers within the map element, select the map element, click the moveItemContent Move item content icon and move the layers within the map item frame with the left mouse button.

Proprietà principali

La voce Proprietà principali presente nella scheda Proprietà oggetto fornisce le seguenti funzionalità (vedi figure_composer_map_1):

Figure Composer Map 1:


Scheda proprietà oggetti

  • L’area Anteprima ti permette di scegliere fra le modalità ‘Rettangolo’, ‘Cache’ e ‘Visualizza’ descritte sopra. Se cambi la vista della mappa in QGIS cambiando le proprietà dei vettori e dei raster, puoi aggiornare la vista del compositore selezionando l’elemento corrispondente e premendo il pulsante [Aggiorna anteprima].

  • Il campo Scale selectNumber ti permette di inserire una scala manuale.

  • The field Map rotation selectNumber allows you to rotate the map element content clockwise in degrees. The rotation of the map view can be imitated here. Note that a correct coordinate frame can only be added with the default value 0 and that once you defined a Map rotation it currently cannot be changed.

  • checkbox Draw map canvas items lets you show annotations that may be placed on the map canvas in the main QGIS window.

  • You can choose to lock the layers shown on a map item. Check checkbox Lock layers for map item. After this is checked, any layer that would be displayed or hidden in the main QGIS window will not appear or be hidden in the map item of the Composer. But style and labels of a locked layer are still refreshed according to the main QGIS interface. You can prevent this by using Lock layer styles for map item.

  • The showPresets button allows you to add quickly all the presets views you have prepared in QGIS. Clicking on the showPresets button you will see the list of all the preset views: just select the preset you want to display. The map canvas will automatically lock the preset layers by enabling the checkbox Lock layers for map item: if you want to unselect the preset, just uncheck the checkbox and press the draw button. See Layers Panel to find out how to create presets views.

    Locked layers in the map can also be data-defined, using the dataDefined icon beside the option. When used, this overrides the selection set in the drop-down list. You need to pass a list of layers separated by | character. The following example locks the map item to use only layers layer 1 and layer 2:

    concat ('layer 1', '|', 'layer 2')


The Extents dialog of the map item tab provides the following functionalities (see figure_composer_map_2):

Figure Composer Map 2:


Map Extents Dialog

  • The Map extents area allows you to specify the map extent using X and Y min/max values and by clicking the [Set to map canvas extent] button. This button sets the map extent of the composer map item to the extent of the current map view in the main QGIS application. The button [View extent in map canvas] does exactly the opposite, it updates the extent of the map view in the QGIS application to the extent of the composer map item.

If you change the view on the QGIS map canvas by changing vector or raster properties, you can update the Print Composer view by selecting the map element in the Print Composer and clicking the [Update preview] button in the map Item Properties tab (see figure_composer_map_1).


The Grids dialog of the map Item Properties tab provides the possibility to add several grids to a map item.

  • With the plus and minus button you can add or remove a selected grid.
  • With the up and down button you can move a grid in the list and set the drawing priority.

When you double click on the added grid you can give it another name.

Figure Composer Map 3:


Map Grids Dialog

After you have added a grid, you can activate the checkbox checkbox Draw grid to overlay a grid onto the map element. Expand this option to provide a lot of configuration options, see Figure_composer_map_4.

Figure Composer Map 4:


Draw Grid Dialog

As grid type, you can specify to use a ‘Solid’, ‘Cross’, ‘Markers’ or ‘Frame and annotations only’. ‘Frame and annotations only’ is especially useful when working with rotated maps or reprojected grids. In the divisions section of the Grid Frame Dialog mentioned below you then have a corresponding setting. Symbology of the grid and its rendering mode can be chosen. See Rendering mode. Furthermore, you can define an interval in the X and Y directions, an X and Y offset, and the width used for the cross or line grid type.

Figure Composer Map 5:


Grid Frame Dialog

  • There are different options to style the frame that holds the map. Following options are available: No Frame, Zebra, Interior ticks, Exterior ticks, Interior and Exterior ticks and Lineborder.
  • With ‘Latitude/Y only’ and ‘Longitude/X only’ setting in the divisions section you have the possibility to prevent a mix of latitude/y and longitude/x coordinates showing on a side when working with rotated maps or reprojected grids.
  • Advanced rendering mode is also available for grids.
  • The checkbox Draw coordinates checkbox allows you to add coordinates to the map frame. You can choose the annotation numeric format, the options range from decimal to degrees, minute and seconds, with or without suffix, aligned or not and a custom format using the expression dialog. You can choose which annotation to show. The options are: show all, latitude only, longitude only, or disable(none). This is useful when the map is rotated. The annotation can be drawn inside or outside the map frame. The annotation direction can be defined as horizontal, vertical ascending or vertical descending. Finally, you can define the annotation font, the annotation font color, the annotation distance from the map frame and the precision of the drawn coordinates.

Figure Composer map 6:


Grid Draw Coordinates dialog


The Overviews dialog of the map Item Properties tab provides the following functionalities:

Figure Composer Map 7:


Map Overviews Dialog

You can choose to create an overview map, which shows the extents of the other map(s) that are available in the composer. First you need to create the map(s) you want to include in the overview map and the map you want to use as the overview map, just like a normal map.

Then expand Overviews option and press the green plus icon-button to add an overview. Initially this overview is named ‘Overview 1’ (see Figure_composer_map_7). You can change the name when you double-click on the overview item in the list named ‘Overview 1’ and change it to another name.

  • With the plus and minus button you can add or remove an overview.
  • With the up and down button you can move an overview in the list and set the drawing priority.

When you select the overview item in the list you can customize it.

  • The checkbox Draw “<name_overview>” overview needs to be activated to draw the extent of selected map frame.
  • The Map frame combo list can be used to select the map item whose extents will be drawn on the present map item.
  • The Frame Style allows you to change the style of the overview frame.
  • The Blending mode allows you to set different transparency blend modes.
  • The checkbox Invert overview creates a mask around the extents when activated: the referenced map extents are shown clearly, whereas everything else is blended with the frame color.
  • The checkbox Center on overview puts the extent of the overview frame in the center of the overview map. You can only activate one overview item to center, when you have added several overviews.