9. Konfigurasi QGIS

QGIS mudah dikonfigurasikan. Melalui menu Settings, menyediakan berbagai macam perangkat untuk:

9.1. Opsi

options Some basic options for QGIS can be selected using the Options dialog. Select the menu option Settings ► options Options. You can modify the options according to your needs. Some of the changes may require a restart of QGIS before they will be effective.

The tabs where you can customize your options are described below.


Plugins can embed their settings within the Options dialog

While only Core settings are presented below, note that this list can be extended by installed plugins implementing their own options into the standard Options dialog. This avoids each plugin having their own config dialog with extra menu items just for them...

9.1.1. General Settings

Override System Locale

By default, QGIS relies on your Operating System configuration to set language and manipulate numerical values. Enabling this group allows you to customize the behavior.

  • Select from User interface translation the language to apply to the GUI

  • Select in Locale (number, date and currency formats) the system on which date and numeric values should be input and rendered

  • checkbox Show group (thousand) separator

A summary of the selected settings and how they would be interpreted is displayed at the bottom of the frame.


  • Select the Style (QGIS restart required) ie, the widgets look and placement in dialogs. Possible values depend on your Operating System.

  • Define the UI theme (QGIS restart required) selectString. It can be 'default', 'Night Mapping', or 'Blend of Gray'

  • Define the Icon size selectString

  • Define the Font and its Size. The font can be radioButtonOn Qt default or a user-defined one

  • Change the Timeout for timed messages or dialogs

  • unchecked Hide splash screen at startup

  • checkbox Show QGIS news feed on welcome page: displays a curated QGIS news feed on the welcome page, giving you a direct way to be aware of project news (user/developer meetings date and summary, community surveys, releases announcements, various tips...)

  • checkbox Check QGIS version at startup to keep you informed if a newer version is released

  • unchecked Use native color chooser dialogs (see Color Selector)

  • unchecked Modeless data source manager dialog to keep the data source manager dialog opened and allow interaction with QGIS interface while adding layers to project

Berkas proyek

  • Open project on launch

    • 'Welcome Page' (default): can display the "News" feed, the project template(s) and the most recent projects (with thumbnails) of the user profile. No project is opened by default.

    • 'New': opens a new project, based on the default template

    • 'Most recent': reopens the last saved project

    • and 'Specific': opens a particular project. Use the ... button to define the project to use by default.

  • checkbox Buat proyek baru dari proyek default. Anda memiliki kemungkinan untuk menekan Atur proyek sekarang sebagai default atau pada Reset default. Anda dapat menelusuri melalui berkas-berkas dan menentukan direktori dimana Anda menemukan pengguna-ditetapkan proyek template Anda. Akan ada sebuah entri di Project ► Baru dari Template jika Anda pertama kali mengaktifkan checkbox Buat proyek baru dari proyek default dan kemudian simpan proyek dalam folder proyek template.

  • checkbox Prompt to save project and data source changes when required to avoid losing changes you made.

  • checkbox Prompt for confirmation when a layer is to be removed

  • checkbox Warn when opening a project file saved with an older version of QGIS. You can always open projects created with older version of QGIS but once the project is saved, trying to open with older release may fail because of features not available in that version.

  • Enable macros selectString. This option was created to handle macros that are written to perform an action on project events. You can choose between 'Never', 'Ask', 'For this session only' and 'Always (not recommended)'.

  • Default project file format

    • radioButtonOn QGZ Archive file format, embeds auxiliary data (see auxiliary data)

    • radioButtonOff QGS Project saved in a clear text, does not embed auxiliary data: the auxiliary data is stored in a separate .qgd file along with the project file.

9.1.2. System Settings

SVG paths

Add or Remove Path(s) to search for Scalable Vector Graphic (SVG) symbols. These SVG files are then available to symbolize or label the features or decorate your map composition.

When using an SVG file in a symbol or a label, QGIS allows you to:

  • load the file from the file system: the file is identified through the file path and QGIS needs to resolve the path in order to display the corresponding image

  • load the file from a remote URL: as above, the image will only be loaded on successful retrieval of the remote resource

  • embed the SVG file into the item: the file is embedded inside the current project, style database, or print layout template. The SVG file is then always rendered as part of the item. This is a convenient way to create self-contained projects with custom SVG symbols which can be easily shared amongst different users and installations of QGIS.

    It is also possible to extract the embedded SVG file from a symbol or label and save it on disk.


The above mentioned options for loading and storing an SVG file in a project are also applicable to raster images you may want to use for customizing symbols, labels or decorations.

Plugin path

Add or Remove Path(s) to search for additional C++ plugin libraries.

Documentation paths

Add or Remove Documentation Path(s) to use for QGIS help. By default, a link to the official online User Manual corresponding to the version being used is added. You can however add other links and prioritize them from top to bottom: each time you click on a Help button in a dialog, the topmost link is checked and if no corresponding page is found, the next one is tried, and so on.


Documentation is versioned and translated only for QGIS Long Term Releases (LTR), meaning that if you are running a regular release (eg, QGIS 3.0), the help button will by default open the next LTR manual page (ie. 3.4 LTR), which may contain description of features in newer releases (3.2 and 3.4). If no LTR documentation is available then the testing doc, with features from newer and development versions, is used.


It helps you Reset user interface to default settings (restart required) if you made any customization.



Gambar. 9.1 System environment variables in QGIS

System environment variables can be viewed, and many configured, in the Environment group. This is useful for platforms, such as Mac, where a GUI application does not necessarily inherit the user's shell environment. It's also useful for setting and viewing environment variables for the external tool sets controlled by the Processing toolbox (e.g., SAGA, GRASS), and for turning on debugging output for specific sections of the source code.

checkbox Use custom variables (restart required - include separators). You can Add and Remove variables. Already defined environment variables are displayed in Current environment variables, and it's possible to filter them by activating checkbox Show only QGIS-specific variables.

9.1.3. CRS Settings


For more information on how QGIS handles layer projection, please read the dedicated section at Bekerja dengan Proyeksi.


Gambar. 9.2 CRS Settings in QGIS

CRS for projects

There is an option to automatically set new project’s CRS:

  • radioButtonOnUse CRS from first layer added: the CRS of the project will be set to the CRS of the first layer loaded into it

  • radioButtonOffUse a default CRS: a preselected CRS is applied by default to any new project and is left unchanged when adding layers to the project.

The choice will be saved for use in subsequent QGIS sessions. The Coordinate Reference System of the project can still be overridden from the Project ► Properties... ► CRS tab.

CRS for layers

Default CRS for layers: select a default CRS to use when you create a layer

You can also define the action to take when a new layer is created, or when a layer without a CRS is loaded.

  • radioButtonOn Leave as unknown CRS (take no action)

  • radioButtonOff Prompt for CRS

  • radioButtonOff Use project CRS

  • radioButtonOff Use a default CRS

unchecked Planimetric measurements: sets the default for the "planimetric measurements" property for newly created projects.

9.1.4. Transformations Settings

The transformation Transformations tab helps you set coordinate transformations and operations to apply when loading a layer to a project or reprojecting a layer.


Gambar. 9.3 Transformations Settings

Transformasi datum standar

In this group, you can control whether reprojecting layers to another CRS should be:

  • automatically processed using QGIS default transformations settings;

  • and/or more controlled by you with custom preferences such as:

    • checkbox Ask for datum transformation if several are available

    • a predefined list of datum transformations to apply by default. See Datum Transformations for more details.

9.1.5. Data Sources Settings


Gambar. 9.4 Data Sources Settings in QGIS

Atribut dan tabel fitur

  • checkbox Open new attribute tables as docked windows

  • Copy features as 'Plain text, no geometry', 'Plain text, WKT geometry', or 'GeoJSON' when pasting features in other applications.

  • Attribute table behavior selectString: set filter on the attribute table at the opening. There are three possibilities: 'Show all features', 'Show selected features' and 'Show features visible on map'.

  • Default view: define the view mode of the attribute table at every opening. It can be 'Remember last view', 'Table view' or 'Form view'.

  • Attribute table row cache selectNumber. This row cache makes it possible to save the last loaded N attribute rows so that working with the attribute table will be quicker. The cache will be deleted when closing the attribute table.

  • Representasi untuk nilai NULL Here you can define a value for data fields containing a NULL value. Di sini Anda dapat menentukan nilai untuk bidang data yang berisi nilai NULL.


Improve opening of big data attribute table

When working with layers with big amount of records, opening the attribute table may be slow as the dialog request all the rows in the layer. Setting the Attribute table behavior to Show features visible on map will make QGIS request only the features in the current map canvas when opening the table, allowing a quick data loading.

Note that data in this attribute table instance will be always tied to the canvas extent it was opened with, meaning that selecting Show All Features within such a table will not display new features. You can however update the set of displayed features by changing the canvas extent and selecting Show Features Visible On Map option in the attribute table.

Menangani sumber data

  • Scan for valid items in the browser dock selectString. You can choose between 'Check extension' and 'Check file contents'.

  • Scan for contents of compressed files (.zip) in browser dock selectString defines how detailed is the widget information at the bottom of the Browser panel when querying such files. 'No', 'Basic scan' and 'Full scan' are possible options.

  • Konfirmasi sublapisan raster saat membuka. Beberapa raster mendukung sublapisan -- mereka disebut subdataset di GDAL. Contohnya adalah berkas netCDF - jika ada banyak variabel netCDF, GDAL melihat setiap variabel sebagai sub dataset. Pilihan ini untuk mengontrol bagaimana menangani sub-lapisan ketika sebuah berkas dengan sub-lapisan dibuka. Anda memiliki pilihan berikut:

    • 'Selalu': Selalu bertanya (jika ada sub-lapisan yang ada)

    • 'Jika diperlukan': Menanyakan apakah lapisan tidak memiliki band, namun memiliki sub-lapisan

    • 'Tidak Pernah': Tidak pernah meminta, tidak akan memuat apa-apa

    • 'Muat semua': Tidak pernah meminta, tetapi memuat semua sub-lapisan

  • checkbox Ignore shapefile encoding declaration. If a shapefile has encoding information, this will be ignored by QGIS.

  • checkbox Execute expressions on server-side if possible: When requesting features from a datasource, QGIS will try to optimize requests by sending filter criteria directly to the server and only download the features which match the criteria. For example, if for a list on the user interface only the farmers which live in Bern should be listed, QGIS will send a WHERE "hometown" = 'Bern' to the database. In some cases, filter criteria are too complex to be translated from QGIS Expressions to database compatible SQL. In those cases, QGIS will download the whole data and filter locally to be on the safe side, which is much less performant.

    By disabling this option, QGIS can be forced to always download the whole data and filter locally, at the expense of a performance penalty. This option is meant as a safety break and should only be deactivated if you identify a misbehavior of the QGIS expression translation engine.

Hidden Browser Path

This widget lists all the folders you chose to hide from the Browser panel. Removing a folder from the list will make it available in the Browser panel.

Localized paths

It is possible to use localized paths for any kind of file based data source. They are a list of paths which are used to abstract the data source location. For instance, if C:\my_maps is listed in the localized paths, a layer having C:\my_maps\my_country\ortho.tif as data source will be saved in the project using localized:my_country\ortho.tif.

The paths are listed by order of preference, in other words QGIS will first look for the file in the first path, then in the second one, etc.

9.1.6. Rendering Settings


Gambar. 9.5 Rendering tab of Project Properties dialog

Rendering behavior

  • checkbox By default new layers added to the map should be displayed: unchecking this option can be handy when loading multiple layers to avoid each new layer being rendered in the canvas and slow down the process

  • checkbox Gunakan render caching yang memungkinkan mempercepat gambar ulang

  • checkbox Render layers in parallel using many CPU cores

  • checkbox Max cores to use

  • Map update interval (default to 250 ms)

  • checkbox Enable feature simplification by default for newly added layers

  • Simplification threshold

  • Simplification algorithm: This option performs a local "on-the-fly" simplification on feature's and speeds up geometry rendering. It doesn't change the geometry fetched from the data providers. This is important when you have expressions that use the feature geometry (e.g. calculation of area) - it ensures that these calculations are done on the original geometry, not on the simplified one. For this purpose, QGIS provides three algorithms: 'Distance' (default), 'SnapToGrid' and 'Visvalingam'.

  • unchecked Simplify on provider side if possible: the geometries are simplified by the provider (PostGIS, Oracle...) and unlike the local-side simplification, geometry-based calculations may be affected

  • Maximum scale at which the layer should be simplified

  • doubleSpinBox Magnification level (see the magnifier)


Besides the global setting, feature simplification can be set for any specific layer from its Layer properties ► Rendering menu.

Kualitas rendering

  • checkbox Membuat garis tampil kurang bagus dengan mengorbankan beberapa kinerja menggambar

Curve segmentation

  • Segmentation tolerance: this setting controls the way circular arcs are rendered. The smaller maximum angle (between the two consecutive vertices and the curve center, in degrees) or maximum difference (distance between the segment of the two vertices and the curve line, in map units), the more straight line segments will be used during rendering.

  • Tolerance type: it can be Maximum angle or Maximum difference between approximation and curve.


  • Dengan RGB band seleksi Anda bisa menetapkan nomor dari band Merah, Hijau dan Biru.

  • The Zoomed in resampling and the Zoomed out resampling methods can be defined. For Zoomed in resampling you can choose between three resampling methods: 'Nearest Neighbour', 'Bilinear' and 'Cubic'. For Zoomed out resampling you can choose between 'Nearest Neighbour' and 'Average'. You can also set the Oversampling value (between 0.0 and 99.99 - a large value means more work for QGIS - the default value is 2.0).

Contrast enhancement

Contrast enhancement options can be applied to Single band gray, Multi band color (byte/band) or Multi band color (>byte/band). For each, you can set:

  • the Algorithm to use, whose values can be 'No stretch', 'Stretch to MinMax', 'Stretch and Clip to MinMax' or 'Clip to MinMax'

  • the Limits (minimum/maximum) to apply, with values such as 'Cumulative pixel count cut', 'Minimum/Maximum', 'Mean +/- standard deviation'.

For rasters rendering, you can also define the following options:

  • Kumulatif batas jumlah potong pixel

  • Standar deviasi multiplier


  • checkbox Map canvas refresh to debug rendering duration in the Log Messages panel.

9.1.7. Canvas and Legend Settings


Gambar. 9.6 Canvas and Legend Settings

These properties let you set:

  • the Default map appearance (overridden by project properties): the Selection color and Background color.

  • Layer legend interaction:

    • Double click action in legend selectString. You can either 'Open layer properties', 'Open attribute table' or 'Open layer styling dock' with the double click.

    • checkbox Display classification attribute names in the Layers panel, e.g. when applying a categorized or rule-based renderer (see Symbology Properties for more information).

    • the WMS getLegendGraphic Resolution

    • Minimum and Maximum legend symbol size to control symbol size display in the Layers panel

  • the Delay in milliseconds of layers map tips display

9.1.8. Map tools Settings


Gambar. 9.7 Map tools Settings in QGIS

This tab offers some options regarding the behavior of the Identify tool.

  • Search radius for identifying features and displaying map tips is a tolerance distance within which the identify tool will depict results as long as you click within this tolerance.

  • Highlight color allows you to choose with which color features being identified should be highlighted.

  • Buffer determines a buffer distance to be rendered from the outline of the identify highlight.

  • Minimum width determines how thick should the outline of a highlighted object be.

Alat pengukuran

  • Tentukan Warna Rubberband untuk peralatan pengukuran

  • Tentukan Tempat desimal

  • checkbox Keep base unit to not automatically convert large numbers (e.g., meters to kilometers)

  • Preferred distance units: options are 'Meters', 'Kilometers', 'Feet', 'Yards', 'Miles', 'Nautical Miles', 'Centimeters', 'Millimeters', 'Degrees' or 'Map Units'

  • Preferred area units: options are 'Square meters', 'Square kilometers', 'Square feet', 'Square yards', 'Square miles', 'Hectares', 'Acres', 'Square nautical miles', 'Square centimeters', 'Square millimeters', 'Square degrees' or 'Map Units'

  • Preferred angle units: options are 'Degrees', 'Radians', 'Gon/gradians', 'Minutes of arc', 'Seconds of arc', 'Turns/revolutions', milliradians (SI definition) or mil (NATO/military definition)

Coordinate and Bearing Display

  • Define Default bearing format for new projects: used to display the mouse coordinate in the status bar when panning the map canvas. It can be overridden in the project properties dialog.

Menggeser dan memperbesar

  • Define a Zoom factor for zoom tools or wheel mouse

Skala yang ditentukan

Here, you find a list of predefined scales. With the signPlus and signMinus buttons you can add or remove your personal scales. You can also import or export scales from/to a .XML file. Note that you still have the possibility to remove your changes and reset to the predefined list.

9.1.9. Colors Settings


Gambar. 9.8 Colors Settings

This menu allows you to create or update palettes of colors used throughout the application in the color selector widget. You can choose from:

  • Recent colors showing recently used colors

  • Standard colors, the default palette of colors

  • Project colors, a set of colors specific to the current project (see Default Styles Properties for more details)

  • New layer colors, a set of colors to use by default when new layers are added to QGIS

  • or custom palette(s) you can create or import using the ... button next to the palette combobox.

By default, Recent colors, Standard colors and Project colors palettes can not be removed and are set to appear in the color button drop-down. Custom palettes can also be added to this widget thanks to the Show in Color Buttons option.

For any of the palettes, you can manage the list of colors using the set of tools next to the frame, ie:

  • signPlus Add or signMinus Remove color

  • editCopy Copy or editPaste Paste color

  • fileOpen Import or fileSave Export the set of colors from/to .gpl file.

Double-click a color in the list to tweak or replace it in the Color Selector dialog. You can also rename it by double-clicking in the Label column.

9.1.10. Digitizing Settings


Gambar. 9.9 Digitizing Settings in QGIS

This tab helps you configure general settings when editing vector layer (attributes and geometry).

Membuat fitur

  • checkbox Suppress attribute form pop-up after feature creation: this choice can be overridden in each layer properties dialog.

  • checkbox Reuse last entered attribute values: remember the last used value of every attribute and use it as default for the next feature being digitized. Works per layer.

  • Validate geometries. Editing complex lines and polygons with many nodes can result in very slow rendering. This is because the default validation procedures in QGIS can take a lot of time. To speed up rendering, it is possible to select GEOS geometry validation (starting from GEOS 3.3) or to switch it off. GEOS geometry validation is much faster, but the disadvantage is that only the first geometry problem will be reported.

    Note that depending on the selection, reports of geometry errors may differ (see Types of error messages and their meanings)

  • Default Z value to use when creating new 3D features.


  • Define Rubberband Line width, Line color and Fill color.

  • Don't update rubberband during vertex editing.


  • checkbox Enable snapping by default activates snapping when a project is opened

  • Define Default snap mode selectString ('Vertex', 'Vertex and segment', 'Segment')

  • Tentukan Default toleransi snapping dalam satuan peta atau pixel

  • Tentukan Cari radius untuk suntingan simpul dalam satuan peta atau pixel

  • Display main dialog as (restart required): set whether the Advanced Snapping dialog should be shown as 'Dialog' or 'Dock'.

  • Snapping marker color

  • checkbox Show snapping tooltips such as name of the layer whose feature you are about to snap. Helpful when multiple features overlap.

  • checkbox Enable snapping on invisible features (not shown on the map canvas)

Penanda simpul

  • checkbox Tampilkan penanda hanya untk fitur yang dipilih

  • Define vertex Marker style selectString ('Cross' (default), 'Semi transparent circle' or 'None')

  • Define vertex Marker size (in millimeter)

Alat ofset kurva

The next 3 options refer to the offsetCurve Offset Curve tool in Advanced digitizing. Through the various settings, it is possible to influence the shape of the line offset. These options are possible starting from GEOS 3.3.

  • Join style: 'Round', 'Mitre' or 'Bevel'

  • Segmen Quadrant

  • Batas Miter


By activating the checkbox Convert tracing to curve you can create curve segments while digitizing. Keep in mind that your data provider must support this feature.

9.1.11. Layouts Settings


Gambar. 9.10 Layouts Settings in QGIS

Standar Komposisi

You can define the Default font used within the print layout.

Penampilan Kotak

  • Define the Grid style selectString ('Solid', 'Dots', 'Crosses')

  • Define the Grid color

Grid and guide defaults

  • Define the Grid spacing selectNumber

  • Define the Grid offset selectNumber for X and Y

  • Define the Snap tolerance selectNumber

Layout Paths

  • Define Path(s) to search for extra print templates: a list of folders with custom layout templates to use while creating new one.

9.1.12. GDAL Settings

GDAL is a data exchange library for geospatial data that supports a large number of vector and raster formats. It provides drivers to read and (often) write data in these formats. The GDAL tab exposes the drivers for raster and vector formats with their capabilities. Raster driver options

This frame provides ways to customize the behavior of raster drivers that support read and write access:

  • Edit create options: allows you to edit or add different profiles of file transformation, i.e. a set of predefined combinations of parameters (type and level of compression, blocks size, overview, colorimetry, alpha...) to use when outputting raster files. The parameters depend on the driver.


    Gambar. 9.11 Sample of create options profile (for GeoTiff)

    The upper part of the dialog lists the current profile(s) and allows you to add new ones or remove any of them. You can also reset the profile to its default parameters if you have changed them. Some drivers (eg, GeoTiff) have some sample of profiles you can work with.

    At the bottom of the dialog:

    • The signPlus button lets you add rows to fill with the parameter name and value

    • The signMinus button deletes the selected parameter

    • Click the Validate button to check that the creation options entered for the given format are valid

    • Use the Help button to find the parameters to use, or refer to the GDAL raster drivers documentation.

  • Edit Pyramids Options


    Gambar. 9.12 Sample of Pyramids profile GDAL raster and vector drivers

The Raster Drivers and Vector Drivers (in a separated tab) allow you to define which GDAL driver is enabled to read and/or write files, as in some cases more than one GDAL driver is available.


Gambar. 9.13 GDAL Settings in QGIS - Raster drivers


Double-click a raster driver that allows read and write access (rw+(v)) opens the Edit Create options dialog for customization.

9.1.13. Variables Settings

The Variables tab lists all the variables available at the global-level.

It also allows the user to manage global-level variables. Click the signPlus button to add a new custom global-level variable. Likewise, select a custom global-level variable from the list and click the signMinus button to remove it.

More information about variables in the Storing values in Variables section.


Gambar. 9.14 Variables Settings in QGIS

9.1.14. Authentication Settings

In the Authentication tab you can set authentication configurations and manage PKI certificates. See Authentication System for more details.


Gambar. 9.15 Authentication Settings in QGIS

9.1.15. Network Settings


  • Tentukan Timeout untuk permintaan jaringan (ms) - default 60000

  • Define Default expiration period for WMS Capabilities (hours) - default is 24

  • Define Default expiration period for WMS-C/WMTS tiles (hours) - default is 24

  • Define Max retry in case of tile or feature request errors

  • Tentukan User-Agent


Gambar. 9.16 Proxy-settings in QGIS

Pengaturan cache

Defines the Directory and a Size for the cache. Also offers tools to automatically clear the connection authentication cache on SSL errors (recommended).

Proxy for web access

  • checkbox Use proxy for web access

  • Set the Proxy type selectString according to your needs and define 'Host' and 'Port'. Available proxy types are:

    • Default Proxy: Proxy is determined based on system's proxy

    • Socks5Proxy: Proxy generik untuk setiap jenis koneksi. Mendukung TCP, UDP, mengikat ke port (koneksi masuk) dan otentikasi.

    • HttpProxy: Menggunakan perintah "CONNECT", mendukung hanya koneksi TCP; mendukung otentikasi.

    • HttpCachingProxy: Menggunakan perintah normal HTTP, itu hanya berguna dalam konteks permintaan HTTP.

    • FtpCachingProxy: Menggunakan proxy FTP, itu hanya berguna dalam konteks permintaan FTP.

Credentials of proxy are set using the authentication widget.

Excluding some URLs can be added to the text box below the proxy settings (see Gambar. 9.16). No proxy will be used if the target url starts with one of the string listed in this text box.

If you need more detailed information about the different proxy settings, please refer to the manual of the underlying QT library documentation at https://doc.qt.io/qt-5.9/qnetworkproxy.html#ProxyType-enum


Menggunakan Proxi

Using proxies can sometimes be tricky. It is useful to proceed by 'trial and error' with the above proxy types, to check if they succeed in your case.

9.1.16. Locator Settings

search The Locator tab lets you configure the Locator bar, a quick search widget available on the status bar to help you perform searches in the application. It provides some default filters (with prefix) to use:


Gambar. 9.17 Locator Settings in QGIS

  • Project layers (l): finds and selects a layer in the Layers panel.

  • Project layouts (pl): finds and opens a print layout.

  • Actions (.): finds and executes a QGIS action; actions can be any tool or menu in QGIS, opening a panel...

  • Active layer features (f): searches for matching attributes in any field from the current active layer and zooms to the selected feature. Press settings to configure the maximum number of results.

  • Features in all layers (af): searches for matching attributes in the display name of each searchable layers and zooms to the selected feature. Press settings to configure the maximum number of results and the maximum number of results per layer.

  • Calculator (=): allows evaluation of any QGIS expression and, if valid, gives an option to copy the result to the clipboard.

  • Spatial bookmarks (b): finds and zooms to the bookmark extent.

  • Settings (set): browses and opens project and application-wide properties dialogs.

  • Go to coordinate (go): pans the map canvas to a location defined by a comma or space separated pair of x and y coordinates or a formatted URL (e.g., OpenStreetMap, Leaflet, OpenLayer, Google Maps, ...). The coordinate is expected in WGS 84 (epsg:4326) and/or map canvas CRS.

  • Processing algorithms (a): searches and opens a Processing algorithm dialog.

  • Edit selected features (ef): gives quick access and runs a compatible modify-in-place Processing algorithm on the active layer.

In the dialog, you can:

  • customize the filter Prefix, i.e. the keyword to use to trigger the filter

  • set whether the filter is Enabled: the filter can be used in the searches and a shortcut is available in the locator bar menu

  • set whether the filter is Default: a search not using a filter returns results from only the default filters categories.

  • Some filters provide a way to configure the number of results in a search.

The set of default locator filters can be extended by plugins, eg for OSM nominatim searches, direct database searching, layer catalog searches, ...

9.1.17. Advanced Settings


Gambar. 9.18 Advanced Settings tab in QGIS

All the settings related to QGIS (UI, tools, data providers, Processing configurations, default values and paths, plugins options, expressions, geometry checks...) are saved in a QGIS/QGIS3.ini file under the active user profile directory. Configurations can be shared by copying this file to other installations.

From within QGIS, the Advanced tab offers a way to manage these settings through the Advanced Settings Editor. After you promise to be careful, the widget is populated with a tree of all the existing settings, and you can edit their value. Right-click over a setting or a group and you can delete it (to add a setting or group, you have to edit the QGIS3.ini file). Changes are automatically saved in the QGIS3.ini file.


Avoid using the Advanced tab settings blindly

Be careful while modifying items in this dialog given that changes are automatically applied. Doing changes without knowledge can break your QGIS installation in various ways.

9.1.18. Acceleration Settings

OpenCL acceleration settings.


Gambar. 9.19 Acceleration tab

Depending on your hardware and software, you may have to install additional libraries to enable OpenCL acceleration.

9.1.19. Processing Settings

The processing Processing tab provides you with general settings of tools and data providers that are used in the QGIS Processing framework. More information at QGIS processing framework.


Gambar. 9.20 Processing Settings tab in QGIS

9.1.20. Python Console Settings

The runConsole Python Console settings help you manage and control the behavior of the Python editors (interactive console, code editor, project macros, custom expressions, ...). It can also be accessed using the options Options... button from:

  • the Python console toolbar

  • the contextual menu of the Python console widget

  • and the contextual menu of the code editor.


Gambar. 9.21 Python Console Settings tab

You can specify:

  • unchecked Autocompletion: Enables code completion. You can get autocompletion from the current document, the installed API files or both.

    • Autocompletion threshold: Sets the threshold for displaying the autocompletion list (in characters)

  • under Typing

    • unchecked Automatic parentheses insertion: Enables autoclosing for parentheses

    • checkbox Automatic insertion of the 'import' string on 'from xxx': Enables insertion of 'import' when specifying imports

  • under Run and Debug

    • unchecked Enable Object Inspector (switching between tabs may be slow): Enable the object inspector.

    • unchecked Auto-save script before running: Saves the script automatically when executed. This action will store a temporary file (in the temporary system directory) that will be deleted automatically after running.

For APIs you can specify:

  • checkbox Using preloaded APIs file: You can choose if you would like to use the preloaded API files. If this is not checked you can add API files and you can also choose if you would like to use prepared API files (see next option).

  • unchecked Using prepared APIs file: If checked, the chosen *.pap file will be used for code completion. To generate a prepared API file you have to load at least one *.api file and then compile it by clicking the Compile APIs... button.

  • Under GitHub access token, you can generate a personal token allowing you to share code snippets from within the Python code editor. More details on GitHub authentication

9.1.21. Code Editor Settings

In the codeEditor Code Editor tab, you can control the appearance and behaviour of code editor widgets (Python interactive console and editor, expression widget and function editor, ...).


Gambar. 9.22 Code Editor Settings tab

At the top of the dialog, a widget provides a live preview of the current settings, in various coding languages (Python, QGIS expression, HTML, SQL, JavaScript). A convenient way to adjust settings.

  • Check unchecked Override code editor font to modify the default Font family and Size.

  • Under the Colors group, you can:

    • select a Color scheme: predefined settings are Default, Solarized Dark and Solarized Light. A Custom scheme is triggered as soon as you modify a color and can be reset with selecting a predefined scheme.

    • change the color of each element in code writing, such as the colors to use for comments, quotes, functions, background, ...

9.2. Working with User Profiles

The Settings ► User Profiles menu provides functions to set and access user profiles. A user profile is a unified application configuration that allows to store in a single folder:

  • all the global settings, including locale, projections, authentication settings, color palettes, shortcuts...

  • GUI configurations and customization

  • grid files and other proj helper files installed for datum transformation

  • installed plugins and their configurations

  • project templates and history of saved project with their image preview

  • processing settings, logs, scripts, models.

By default, a QGIS installation contains a single user profile named default. But you can create as many user profiles as you want:

  1. Click the New profile... entry.

  2. You'll be prompted to provide a profile name, creating a folder of the same name under ~/<UserProfiles>/ where:

    • ~ represents the HOME directory, which on win Windows is usually something like C:\Users\(user).

    • and <UserProfiles> represents the main profiles folder, i.e.:

      • nix .local/share/QGIS/QGIS3/profiles/

      • win AppData\Roaming\QGIS\QGIS3\profiles\

      • osx Library/Application Support/QGIS/QGIS3/profiles/

    The user profile folder can be opened from within QGIS using the Open Active Profile Folder.

  3. A new instance of QGIS is started, using a clean configuration. You can then set your custom configurations.

If you have more than one profile in your QGIS installation, the name of the active profile is shown in the application title bar between square brackets.

As each user profile contains isolated settings, plugins and history they can be great for different workflows, demos, users of the same machine, or testing settings, etc. And you can switch from one to the other by selecting them in the Settings ► User Profiles menu. You can also run QGIS with a specific user profile from the command line.

Unless changed, the profile of the last closed QGIS session will be used in the following QGIS sessions.


Run QGIS under a new user profile to check for bug persistence

When you encounter weird behavior with some functions in QGIS, create a new user profile and run the commands again. Sometimes, bugs are related to some leftovers in the current user profile and creating a new one may fix them as it restarts QGIS with the new (clean) profile.

9.3. Properti Proyek

In the properties window for the project under Project ► Project Properties, you can set project-specific options. The project-specific options overwrite their equivalent in the Options dialog described above.

9.3.1. General Properties

In the General tab, the General settings let you:

  • see the location of the project file

  • set the folder for the project home (available in the Project Home item in the browser). The path can be relative to the folder of the project file (type it in) or absolute. The project home can be used for storing data and other content that is useful for the project.

  • give a title to the project beside the project file path

  • choose the color to use for features when they are selected

  • choose the background color: the color to use for the map canvas

  • set whether the path to layers in the project should be saved as absolute (full) or as relative to the project file location. You may prefer relative path when both layers and project files can be moved or shared or if the project is accessed from computers on different platforms.

  • choose to avoid artifacts when project is rendered as map tiles. Note that checking this option can lead to performance degradation.

Calculating areas and distances is a common need in GIS. However, these values are really tied to the underlying projection settings. The Measurements frame lets you control these parameters. You can indeed choose:

  • the Ellipsoid, on which distance and area calculations are entirely based; it can be:

    • None/Planimetric: returned values are in this case cartesian measurements.

    • a Custom one: you'll need to set values of the semi-major and semi-minor axes.

    • or an existing one from a predefined list (Clarke 1866, Clarke 1880 IGN, New International 1967, WGS 84...).

  • the units for distance measurements for length and perimeter and the units for area measurements. These settings, which default to the units set in QGIS options but then overrides it for the current project, are used in:

    • Attribute table field update bar

    • Field calculator calculations

    • Identify tool derived length, perimeter and area values

    • Default unit shown in measure dialog

The Coordinate and Bearing display allows you to choose and customize the bearing format and the format of units to use to display the mouse coordinate in the status bar and the derived coordinates shown via the identify tool.

Finally, you can set a Project predefined scales list, which overrides the global predefined scales.


Gambar. 9.23 General tab of the Project Properties dialog

9.3.2. Metadata Properties

The Metadata tab allows detailed metadata to be defined, including (among the others): author, creation date, language, abstracts, categories, keywords, contact details, links, history. There is also a validation functionality that checks if specific fields were filled, anyway this is not enforced. See vector layer metadata properties for some details.

9.3.3. CRS Properties


For more information on how QGIS handles project projection, please read the dedicated section at Bekerja dengan Proyeksi.

The crs CRS tab helps you set the coordinate reference system to use in this project. It can be:

  • checkbox No CRS (or unknown/non-Earth projection): layers are drawn based on their raw coordinates

  • or an existing coordinate reference system that can be geographic, projected or user-defined. Layers added to the project are translated on-the-fly to this CRS in order to overlay them regardless their original CRS.

9.3.4. Transformations Properties

The transformation Transformations tab helps you control the layers reprojection settings by configuring the datum transformation preferences to apply in the current project. As usual, these override any corresponding global settings. See Datum Transformations for more details.

9.3.5. Default Styles Properties

The Default Styles tab lets you control how new layers will be drawn in the project when they do not have an existing .qml style defined. You can:

  • Set default symbols (Marker, Line, Fill) to apply depending on the layer geometry type as well as a default Color Ramp

  • Apply a default Opacity to new layers

  • checkbox Assign random colors to symbols, modifying the symbols fill colors, hence avoiding same rendering for all layers.


Gambar. 9.24 Default Styles tab

Using the styleManager Style Manager button, you can also quickly access the Style Manager dialog and configure symbols and color ramps.

There is also an additional section where you can define specific colors for the running project. Like the global colors, you can:

  • signPlus Add or signMinus Remove color

  • editCopy Copy or editPaste Paste color

  • fileOpen Import or fileSave Export the set of colors from/to .gpl file.

Double-click a color in the list to tweak or replace it in the Color Selector dialog. You can also rename it by double-clicking in the Label column.

These colors are identified as Project colors and listed as part of color widgets.


Use project colors to quickly assign and update color widgets

Project colors can be refered to using their label and the color widgets they are used in are bound to them. This means that instead of repeatedly setting the same color for many properties and, to avoid a cumbersome update you can:

  1. Define the color as a project color

  2. Click the data defined override widget next to the color property you want to set

  3. Hover over the Color menu and select the project color. The property is then assigned the expression project_color('color_label') and the color widget reflects that color.

  4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 as much as needed

  5. Update the project color once and the change is reflected EVERYWHERE it's in use.

9.3.6. Data Sources Properties

In the Data Sources tab, you can:

  • unchecked Automatically create transaction groups where possible: When this mode is turned on, all layers from the same database are synchronised in their edit state, i.e. when one layer is put into edit state, all are, when one layer is committed or one layer is rolled back, so are the others. Also, instead of buffering edit changes locally, they are directly sent to a transaction in the database which gets committed when the user clicks save layer. Note that you can (de)activate this option only if no layer is being edited in the project.

  • unchecked Evaluate default values on provider side: When adding new features in a PostgreSQL table, fields with default value constraint are evaluated and populated at the form opening, and not at the commit moment. This means that instead of an expression like nextval('serial'), the field in the Add Feature form will display expected value (e.g., 25).

  • unchecked Trust project when data source has no metadata: To speed up project loading by skipping data checks. Useful in QGIS Server context or in projects with huge database views/materialized views. The extent of layers will be read from the QGIS project file (instead of data sources) and when using the PostgreSQL provider the primary key unicity will not be checked for views and materialized views.

  • Configure the Layers Capabilities, i.e.:

    • Set (or disable) which layers are identifiable, i.e. will respond to the identify tool. By default, layers are set queryable.

    • Set whether a layer should appear as read-only, meaning that it can not be edited by the user, regardless of the data provider's capabilities. Although this is a weak protection, it remains a quick and handy configuration to avoid end-users modifying data when working with file-based layers.

    • Define which layers are searchable, i.e. could be queried using the locator widget. By default, layers are set searchable.

    • Define which layers are defined as required. Checked layers in this list are protected from inadvertent removal from the project.

    The Layers Capabilities table provides some convenient tools to:

    • Select multiple cells and press Toggle Selection to have them change their checkbox state;

    • unchecked Show spatial layers only, filtering out non-spatial layers from the layers list;

    • search Filter layers... and quickly find a particular layer to configure.


Gambar. 9.25 Data Sources tab

9.3.7. Relations Properties

The Relations tab is used to define 1:n relations. The relations are defined in the project properties dialog. Once relations exist for a layer, a new user interface element in the form view (e.g. when identifying a feature and opening its form) will list the related entities. This provides a powerful way to express e.g. the inspection history on a length of pipeline or road segment. You can find out more about 1:n relations support in Section Creating one or many to many relations.


Gambar. 9.26 Relations tab

9.3.8. Variables Properties

The Variables tab lists all the variables available at the project's level (which includes all global variables). Besides, it also allows the user to manage project-level variables. Click the signPlus button to add a new custom project-level variable. Likewise, select a custom project-level variable from the list and click the signMinus button to remove it. More information on variables usage in the General Tools Storing values in Variables section.

9.3.9. Macros Properties

The Macros tab is used to edit Python macros for projects. Currently, only three macros are available: openProject(), saveProject() and closeProject().


Gambar. 9.27 Macro settings in QGIS

9.3.10. QGIS Server Properties

The tab QGIS Server allows you to configure your project in order to publish it online. Here you can define information about the QGIS Server WMS and WFS capabilities, extent and CRS restrictions. More information available in section Configure your project and subsequent.


Gambar. 9.28 QGIS Server settings tab

9.3.11. Temporal Properties

The tab Temporal is used to set the temporal range of your project, either by using manual input or by calculating it from the current project temporal layers.


Gambar. 9.29 QGIS Temporal tab

9.4. Penyesuaian (Customization)

The customization dialog lets you (de)activate almost every element in the QGIS user interface. This can be very useful if you want to provide your end-users with a 'light' version of QGIS, containing only the icons, menus or panels they need.


Before your changes are applied, you need to restart QGIS.


Gambar. 9.30 The Customization dialog

Ticking the checkbox Enable customization checkbox is the first step on the way to QGIS customization. This enables the toolbar and the widget panel from which you can uncheck and thus disable some GUI items.

The configurable item can be:

  • a Menu or some of its sub-menus from the Bar Menu

  • a whole Panel (see Panels and Toolbars)

  • the Status bar described in Status Bar or some of its items

  • a Toolbar: the whole bar or some of its icons

  • or any widget from any dialog in QGIS: label, button, combobox...

With select Switch to catching widgets in main application, you can click on an item in QGIS interface that you want to be hidden and QGIS automatically unchecks the corresponding entry in the Customization dialog. You can also use the Search box to find items by their name or label.

Once you setup your configuration, click Apply or OK to validate your changes. This configuration becomes the one used by default by QGIS at the next startup.

The modifications can also be saved in a .ini file using fileSave Save To File button. This is a handy way to share a common QGIS interface among multiple users. Just click on fileOpen Load from File from the destination computer in order to import the .ini file. You can also run command line tools and save various setups for different use cases as well.


Easily restore predefined QGIS

The initial QGIS GUI configuration can be restored by one of the methods below:

  • unchecking checkbox Enable customization option in the Customization dialog or click the selectAllTree Check All button

  • pressing the Reset button in the QSettings frame under Settings ► Options menu, System tab

  • launching QGIS at a command prompt with the following command line qgis --nocustomization

  • setting to false the value of UI ► Customization ► Enabled variable under Settings ► Options menu, Advanced tab (see the warning).

In most cases, you need to restart QGIS in order to have the change applied.

9.5. Keyboard shortcuts

QGIS provides default keyboard shortcuts for many features. You can find them in section Bar Menu. Additionally, the menu option Settings ► keyboardShortcuts Keyboard Shortcuts... allows you to change the default keyboard shortcuts and add new ones to QGIS features.


Gambar. 9.31 Define shortcut options

Configuration is very simple. Use the search box at the top of the dialog to find a particular action, select it from the list and click on :

  • Change and press the new combination you want to assign as new shortcut

  • Set None to clear any assigned shortcut

  • or Set Default to backup the shortcut to its original and default value.

Proceed as above for any other tools you wish to customize. Once you have finished your configuration, simply Close the dialog to have your changes applied. You can also Save the changes as an .XML file and Load them into another QGIS installation.

9.6. Running QGIS with advanced settings

9.6.1. Command line and environment variables

We've seen that launching QGIS is done as for any application on your OS. QGIS provides command line options for more advanced use cases (in some cases you can use an environment variable instead of the command line option). To get a list of the options, enter qgis --help on the command line, which returns:

QGIS is a user friendly Open Source Geographic Information System.
Usage: /usr/bin/qgis.bin [OPTION] [FILE]
        [--version]     display version information and exit
        [--snapshot filename]   emit snapshot of loaded datasets to given file
        [--width width] width of snapshot to emit
        [--height height]       height of snapshot to emit
        [--lang language]       use language for interface text (changes existing override)
        [--project projectfile] load the given QGIS project
        [--extent xmin,ymin,xmax,ymax]  set initial map extent
        [--nologo]      hide splash screen
        [--noversioncheck]      don't check for new version of QGIS at startup
        [--noplugins]   don't restore plugins on startup
        [--nocustomization]     don't apply GUI customization
        [--customizationfile path]      use the given ini file as GUI customization
        [--globalsettingsfile path]     use the given ini file as Global Settings (defaults)
        [--authdbdirectory path] use the given directory for authentication database
        [--code path]   run the given python file on load
        [--defaultui]   start by resetting user ui settings to default
        [--hide-browser]        hide the browser widget
        [--dxf-export filename.dxf]     emit dxf output of loaded datasets to given file
        [--dxf-extent xmin,ymin,xmax,ymax]      set extent to export to dxf
        [--dxf-symbology-mode none|symbollayer|feature] symbology mode for dxf output
        [--dxf-scale-denom scale]       scale for dxf output
        [--dxf-encoding encoding]       encoding to use for dxf output
        [--dxf-map-theme maptheme]      map theme to use for dxf output
        [--take-screenshots output_path]        take screen shots for the user documentation
        [--screenshots-categories categories]   specify the categories of screenshot to be used (see QgsAppScreenShots::Categories).
        [--profile name]        load a named profile from the user's profiles folder.
        [--profiles-path path]  path to store user profile folders. Will create profiles inside a {path}\profiles folder
        [--version-migration]   force the settings migration from older version if found
        [--openclprogramfolder]         path to the folder containing the sources for OpenCL programs.
        [--help]                this text
        [--]            treat all following arguments as FILEs

    Files specified on the command line can include rasters,
    vectors, and QGIS project files (.qgs and .qgz):
     1. Rasters - supported formats include GeoTiff, DEM
        and others supported by GDAL
     2. Vectors - supported formats include ESRI Shapefiles
        and others supported by OGR and PostgreSQL layers using
        the PostGIS extension


Example Using command line arguments

You can start QGIS by specifying one or more data files on the command line. For example, assuming you are in the qgis_sample_data directory, you could start QGIS with a vector layer and a raster file set to load on startup using the following command: qgis ./raster/landcover.img ./gml/lakes.gml --version

This option returns QGIS version information. --snapshot

This option allows you to create a snapshot in PNG format from the current view. This comes in handy when you have many projects and want to generate snapshots from your data, or when you need to create snapshots of the same project with updated data.

Currently, it generates a PNG file with 800x600 pixels. The size can be adjusted using the --width and --height arguments. The filename can be added after --snapshot. For example:

qgis --snapshot my_image.png --width 1000 --height 600 --project my_project.qgs --width

This option returns the width of the snapshot to be emitted (used with --snapshot). --height

This option returns the height of the snapshot to be emitted (used with --snapshot). --lang

Based on your locale, QGIS selects the correct localization. If you would like to change your language, you can specify a language code. For example, qgis --lang it starts QGIS in Italian localization. --project

Starting QGIS with an existing project file is also possible. Just add the command line option --project followed by your project name and QGIS will open with all layers in the given file loaded. --extent

To start with a specific map extent use this option. You need to add the bounding box of your extent in the following order separated by a comma:

--extent xmin,ymin,xmax,ymax

This option probably makes more sense when paired with the --project option to open a specific project at the desired extent. --noversioncheck

Skip searching for a new version of QGIS at startup. --noplugins

If you have trouble at start-up with plugins, you can avoid loading them at start-up with this option. They will still be available from the Plugins Manager afterwards. --nocustomization

Using this option, any existing GUI customization will not be applied at startup. This means that any hidden buttons, menu items, toolbars, and so on, will show up on QGIS start up. This is not a permanent change. The customization will be applied again if QGIS is launched without this option.

This option is useful for temporarily allowing access to tools that have been removed by customization. --customizationfile

Using this option, you can define a UI customization file, that will be used at startup. --globalsettingsfile

Using this option, you can specify the path for a Global Settings file (.ini), also known as the Default Settings. The settings in the specified file replace the original inline default ones, but the user profiles' settings will be set on top of those. The default global settings is located in your_QGIS_PKG_path/resources/qgis_global_settings.ini.

Presently, there's no way to specify a file to write settings to; therefore, you can create a copy of an original settings file, rename, and adapt it.

Setting the qgis_global_setting.ini file path to a network shared folder, allows a system administrator to change global settings and defaults in several machines by only editing one file.

The equivalent environment variable is QGIS_GLOBAL_SETTINGS_FILE. --authdbdirectory

This option is similar to --globalsettingsfile, but defines the path to the directory where the authentication database will be stored and loaded. --code

This option can be used to run a given python file directly after QGIS has started.

For example, when you have a python file named load_alaska.py with following content:

from qgis.utils import iface
raster_file = "/home/gisadmin/Documents/qgis_sample_data/raster/landcover.img"
layer_name = "Alaska"
iface.addRasterLayer(raster_file, layer_name)

Assuming you are in the directory where the file load_alaska.py is located, you can start QGIS, load the raster file landcover.img and give the layer the name 'Alaska' using the following command:

qgis --code load_alaska.py --defaultui

On load, permanently resets the user interface (UI) to the default settings. This option will restore the panels and toolbars visibility, position, and size. Unless it's changed again, the default UI settings will be used in the following sessions.

Notice that this option doesn't have any effect on GUI customization. Items hidden by GUI customization (e.g. the status bar) will remain hidden even using the --defaultui option. See also the --nocustomization option. --hide-browser

On load, hides the Browser panel from the user interface. The panel can be enabled by right-clicking a space in the toolbars or using the View ► Panels (Settings ► Panels in kde Linux KDE).

Unless it's enabled again, the Browser panel will remain hidden in the following sessions. --dxf-*

These options can be used to export a QGIS project into a DXF file. Several options are available:

  • --dxf-export: the DXF filename into which to export the layers;

  • --dxf-extent: the extent of the final DXF file;

  • --dxf-symbology-mode: several values can be used here: none (no symbology), symbollayer (Symbol layer symbology), feature (feature symbology);

  • --dxf-scale-denom: the scale denominator of the symbology;

  • --dxf-encoding: the file encoding;

  • --dxf-map-theme: choose a map theme from the layer tree configuration. --take-screenshots

Takes screenshots for the user documentation. Can be used together with --screenshots-categories to filter which categories/sections of the documentation screenshots should be created (see QgsAppScreenShots::Categories). --profile

Loads QGIS using a specific profile from the user's profile folder. Unless changed, the selected profile will be used in the following QGIS sessions. --profiles-path

With this option, you can choose a path to load and save the profiles (user settings). It creates profiles inside a {path}\profiles folder, which includes settings, installed plugins, processing models and scripts, and so on.

This option allows you to, for instance, carry all your plugins and settings in a flash drive, or, for example, share the settings between different computers using a file sharing service.

The equivalent environment variable is QGIS_CUSTOM_CONFIG_PATH. --version-migration

If settings from an older version are found (e.g., the .qgis2 folder from QGIS 2.18), this option will import them into the default QGIS profile. --openclprogramfolder

Using this option, you can specify an alternative path for your OpenCL programs. This is useful for developers while testing new versions of the programs without needing to replace the existing ones.

The equivalent environment variable is QGIS_OPENCL_PROGRAM_FOLDER.

9.6.2. Deploying QGIS within an organization

If you need to deploy QGIS within an organization with a custom configuration file, first you need to copy/paste the content of the default settings file located in your_QGIS_PKG_path/resources/qgis_global_settings.ini. This file already contains some default sections identified by a block starting with []. We recommend that you keep these defaults values and add your own sections at the bottom of the file. If a section is duplicated in the file, QGIS will take the last one from top to bottom.

You can change allowVersionCheck=false to disable the QGIS version check.

If you do not want to display the migration window after a fresh install, you need the following section:


If you want to add a custom variable in the global scope:

organisation="Your organization"

To discover the possibilities of the settings INI file, we suggest that you set the config you would like in QGIS Desktop and then search for it in your INI file located in your profile using a text editor. A lot of settings can be set using the INI file such as WMS/WMTS, PostGIS connections, proxy settings, maptips…

Finally, you need to set the environment variable QGIS_GLOBAL_SETTINGS_FILE to the path of your customized file.

In addition, you can also deploy files such as Python macros, color palettes, layout templates, project templates… either in the QGIS system directory or in the QGIS user profile.

  • Layout templates must be deployed in the composer_templates directory.

  • Project templates must be deployed in the project_templates directory.

  • Custom Python macros must be deployed in the python directory.