# 27.1.15. Vector analysis

## 27.1.15.1. Basic statistics for fields

Generates basic statistics for a field of the attribute table of a vector layer.

Numeric, date, time and string fields are supported.

The statistics returned will depend on the field type.

Statistics are generated as an HTML file and are available in the Processing ► Results viewer.

Default menu: Vector ► Analysis Tools

### 参数

Input vector

`INPUT_LAYER`

[vector: any]

Vector layer to calculate the statistics on

Field to calculate statistics on

`FIELD_NAME`

[tablefield: any]

Any supported table field to calculate the statistics

Statistics

`OUTPUT_HTML_FILE`

[html]

Specification of the file for the calculated statistics. One of:

• Skip Output

• 保存到临时文件

• 保存到文件…

### 输出

Statistics

`OUTPUT_HTML_FILE`

[html]

HTML file with the calculated statistics

Count

`COUNT`

[数字]

Number of unique values

`UNIQUE`

[数字]

Number of empty (null) values

`EMPTY`

[数字]

Number of non-empty values

`FILLED`

[数字]

Minimum value

`MIN`

[same as input]

Maximum value

`MAX`

[same as input]

Minimum length

`MIN_LENGTH`

[数字]

Maximum length

`MAX_LENGTH`

[数字]

Mean length

`MEAN_LENGTH`

[数字]

Coefficient of Variation

`CV`

[数字]

Sum

`SUM`

[数字]

Mean value

`MEAN`

[数字]

Standard deviation

`STD_DEV`

[数字]

Range

`RANGE`

[数字]

Median

`MEDIAN`

[数字]

Minority (rarest occurring value)

`MINORITY`

[same as input]

Majority (most frequently occurring value)

`MAJORITY`

[same as input]

First quartile

`FIRSTQUARTILE`

[数字]

Third quartile

`THIRDQUARTILE`

[数字]

Interquartile Range (IQR)

`IQR`

[数字]

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `qgis:basicstatisticsforfields`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.2. Climb along line

Calculates the total climb and descent along line geometries. The input layer must have Z values present. If Z values are not available, the Drape (set Z value from raster) algorithm may be used to add Z values from a DEM layer.

The output layer is a copy of the input layer with additional fields that contain the total climb (`climb`), total descent (`descent`), the minimum elevation (`minelev`) and the maximum elevation (`maxelev`) for each line geometry. If the input layer contains fields with the same names as these added fields, they will be renamed (field names will be altered to "name_2", "name_3", etc, finding the first non-duplicate name).

### 参数

Line layer

`INPUT`

[vector: line]

Line layer to calculate the climb for. Must have Z values

Climb layer

`OUTPUT`

[vector: line]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specification of the output (line) layer. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

### 输出

Climb layer

`OUTPUT`

[vector: line]

Line layer containing new attributes with the results from climb calculations.

Total climb

`TOTALCLIMB`

[数字]

The sum of the climb for all the line geometries in the input layer

Total descent

`TOTALDESCENT`

[数字]

The sum of the descent for all the line geometries in the input layer

Minimum elevation

`MINELEVATION`

[数字]

The minimum elevation for the geometries in the layer

Maximum elevation

`MAXELEVATION`

[数字]

The maximum elevation for the geometries in the layer

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `qgis:climbalongline`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.3. Count points in polygon

Takes a point and a polygon layer and counts the number of points from the point layer in each of the polygons of the polygon layer.

A new polygon layer is generated, with the exact same content as the input polygon layer, but containing an additional field with the points count corresponding to each polygon.

An optional weight field can be used to assign weights to each point. Alternatively, a unique class field can be specified. If both options are used, the weight field will take precedence and the unique class field will be ignored.

Allows features in-place modification of polygon features

`Default menu`: Vector ► Analysis Tools

### 参数

Polygons

`POLYGONS`

[vector: polygon]

Polygon layer whose features are associated with the count of points they contain

Points

`POINTS`

[vector: point]

Point layer with features to count

Weight field

`WEIGHT`

[tablefield: any]

A field from the point layer. The count generated will be the sum of the weight field of the points contained by the polygon. If the weight field is not numeric, the count will be `0`.

Class field

`CLASSFIELD`

[tablefield: any]

Points are classified based on the selected attribute and if several points with the same attribute value are within the polygon, only one of them is counted. The final count of the points in a polygon is, therefore, the count of different classes that are found in it.

Count field name

`FIELD`

[string]

Default: 'NUMPOINTS'

The name of the field to store the count of points

Count

`OUTPUT`

[vector: polygon]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specification of the output layer. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

• Append to Layer…

### 输出

Count

`OUTPUT`

[vector: polygon]

Resulting layer with the attribute table containing the new column with the points count

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `native:countpointsinpolygon`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.4. DBSCAN clustering

Clusters point features based on a 2D implementation of Density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise (DBSCAN) algorithm.

The algorithm requires two parameters, a minimum cluster size, and the maximum distance allowed between clustered points.

### 参数

#### Basic parameters

`INPUT`

[vector: point]

Layer to analyze

Minimum cluster size

`MIN_SIZE`

[数字]

Default: 5

Minimum number of features to generate a cluster

Maximum distance between clustered points

`EPS`

[数字]

Distance beyond which two features can not belong to the same cluster (eps)

Clusters

`OUTPUT`

[vector: point]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the vector layer for the result of the clustering. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

Treat border points as noise (DBSCAN*)

`DBSCAN*`

[boolean]

Default: False

If checked, points on the border of a cluster are themselves treated as unclustered points, and only points in the interior of a cluster are tagged as clustered.

Cluster field name

`FIELD_NAME`

[string]

Default: 'CLUSTER_ID'

Name of the field where the associated cluster number shall be stored

Cluster size field name

`SIZE_FIELD_NAME`

[string]

Default: 'CLUSTER_SIZE'

Name of the field with the count of features in the same cluster

### 输出

Clusters

`OUTPUT`

[vector: point]

Vector layer containing the original features with a field setting the cluster they belong to

Number of clusters

`NUM_CLUSTERS`

[数字]

The number of clusters discovered

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `native:dbscanclustering`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.5. Distance matrix

Calculates for point features distances to their nearest features in the same layer or in another layer.

Default menu: Vector ► Analysis Tools

### 参数

Input point layer

`INPUT`

[vector: point]

Point layer for which the distance matrix is calculated (from points)

Input unique ID field

`INPUT_FIELD`

[tablefield: any]

Field to use to uniquely identify features of the input layer. Used in the output attribute table.

Target point layer

`TARGET`

[vector: point]

Point layer containing the nearest point(s) to search (to points)

Target unique ID field

`TARGET_FIELD`

[tablefield: any]

Field to use to uniquely identify features of the target layer. Used in the output attribute table.

Output matrix type

`MATRIX_TYPE`

[enumeration]

Default: 0

Different types of calculation are available:

• 0 --- Linear (N * k x 3) distance matrix: for each input point, reports the distance to each of the k nearest target points. The output matrix consists of up to k rows per input point, and each row has three columns: InputID, TargetID and Distance.

• 1 --- Standard (N x T) distance matrix

• 2 --- Summary distance matrix (mean, std. dev., min, max): for each input point, reports statistics on the distances to its target points.

Use only the nearest (k) target points

`NEAREST_POINTS`

[数字]

Default: 0

You can choose to calculate the distance to all the points in the target layer (0) or limit to a number (k) of closest features.

Distance matrix

`OUTPUT`

[vector: point]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specification of the output vector layer. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

### 输出

Distance matrix

`OUTPUT`

[vector: point]

Point (or MultiPoint for the "Linear (N * k x 3)" case) vector layer containing the distance calculation for each input feature. Its features and attribute table depend on the selected output matrix type.

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `qgis:distancematrix`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.6. Distance to nearest hub (line to hub)

Creates lines that join each feature of an input vector to the nearest feature in a destination layer. Distances are calculated based on the center of each feature.

### 参数

Source points layer

`INPUT`

[vector: any]

Vector layer for which the nearest feature is searched

Destination hubs layer

`HUBS`

[vector: any]

Vector layer containing the features to search for

Hub layer name attribute

`FIELD`

[tablefield: any]

Field to use to uniquely identify features of the destination layer. Used in the output attribute table

Measurement unit

`UNIT`

[enumeration]

Default: 0

Units in which to report the distance to the closest feature:

• 0 --- Meters

• 1 --- Feet

• 2 --- Miles

• 3 --- Kilometers

• 4 --- Layer units

Hub distance

`OUTPUT`

[vector: line]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the output line vector layer connecting the matching points. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

### 输出

Hub distance

`OUTPUT`

[vector: line]

Line vector layer with the attributes of the input features, the identifier of their closest feature and the calculated distance.

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `qgis:distancetonearesthublinetohub`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.7. Distance to nearest hub (points)

Creates a point layer representing the center of the input features with the addition of two fields containing the identifier of the nearest feature (based on its center point) and the distance between the points.

### 参数

Source points layer

`INPUT`

[vector: any]

Vector layer for which the nearest feature is searched

Destination hubs layer

`HUBS`

[vector: any]

Vector layer containing the features to search for

Hub layer name attribute

`FIELD`

[tablefield: any]

Field to use to uniquely identify features of the destination layer. Used in the output attribute table

Measurement unit

`UNIT`

[enumeration]

Default: 0

Units in which to report the distance to the closest feature:

• 0 --- Meters

• 1 --- Feet

• 2 --- Miles

• 3 --- Kilometers

• 4 --- Layer units

Hub distance

`OUTPUT`

[vector: point]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the output point vector layer with the nearest hub. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

### 输出

Hub distance

`OUTPUT`

[vector: point]

Point vector layer representing the center of the source features with their attributes, the identifier of their closest feature and the calculated distance.

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `qgis:distancetonearesthubpoints`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.8. Join by lines (hub lines)

Creates hub and spoke diagrams by connecting lines from points on the Spoke layer to matching points in the Hub layer.

Determination of which hub goes with each point is based on a match between the Hub ID field on the hub points and the Spoke ID field on the spoke points.

If input layers are not point layers, a point on the surface of the geometries will be taken as the connecting location.

Optionally, geodesic lines can be created, which represent the shortest path on the surface of an ellipsoid. When geodesic mode is used, it is possible to split the created lines at the antimeridian (±180 degrees longitude), which can improve rendering of the lines. Additionally, the distance between vertices can be specified. A smaller distance results in a denser, more accurate line.

### 参数

#### Basic parameters

Hub layer

`HUBS`

[vector: any]

Input layer

Hub ID field

`HUB_FIELD`

[tablefield: any]

Field of the hub layer with ID to join

Hub layer fields to copy (leave empty to copy all fields)

`HUB_FIELDS`

[tablefield: any] [list]

The field(s) of the hub layer to be copied. If no field(s) are chosen all fields are taken.

Spoke layer

`SPOKES`

[vector: any]

Spoke ID field

`SPOKE_FIELD`

[tablefield: any]

Field of the spoke layer with ID to join

Spoke layer fields to copy (leave empty to copy all fields)

`SPOKE_FIELDS`

[tablefield: any] [list]

Field(s) of the spoke layer to be copied. If no fields are chosen all fields are taken.

Create geodesic lines

`GEODESIC`

[boolean]

Default: False

Create geodesic lines (the shortest path on the surface of an ellipsoid)

Hub lines

`OUTPUT`

[vector: line]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the output hub line vector layer. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

Distance between vertices (geodesic lines only)

`GEODESIC_DISTANCE`

[数字]

Default: 1000.0 (kilometers)

Distance between consecutive vertices (in kilometers). A smaller distance results in a denser, more accurate line

Split lines at antimeridian (±180 degrees longitude)

`ANTIMERIDIAN_SPLIT`

[boolean]

Default: False

Split lines at ±180 degrees longitude (to improve rendering of the lines)

### 输出

Hub lines

`OUTPUT`

[vector: line]

The resulting line layer connecting matching points in input layers

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `native:hublines`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.9. K-means clustering

Calculates the 2D distance based k-means cluster number for each input feature.

K-means clustering aims to partition the features into k clusters in which each feature belongs to the cluster with the nearest mean. The mean point is represented by the barycenter of the clustered features.

If input geometries are lines or polygons, the clustering is based on the centroid of the feature.

### 参数

`INPUT`

[vector: any]

Layer to analyze

Number of clusters

`CLUSTERS`

[数字]

Default: 5

Number of clusters to create with the features

Clusters

`OUTPUT`

[vector: any]

Default:`[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the output vector layer for generated the clusters. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

Cluster field name

`FIELD_NAME`

[string]

Default: 'CLUSTER_ID'

Name of the field where the associated cluster number shall be stored

Cluster size field name

`SIZE_FIELD_NAME`

[string]

Default: 'CLUSTER_SIZE'

Name of the field with the count of features in the same cluster

### 输出

Clusters

`OUTPUT`

[vector: any]

Vector layer containing the original features with fields specifying the cluster they belong to and their number in it

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `native:kmeansclustering`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.10. List unique values

Lists unique values of an attribute table field and counts their number.

Default menu: Vector ► Analysis Tools

### 参数

`INPUT`

[vector: any]

Layer to analyze

Target field(s)

`FIELDS`

[tablefield: any]

Field to analyze

Unique values

`OUTPUT`

[table]

Default:`[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the summary table layer with unique values. One of:

• Skip Output

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

HTML report

`OUTPUT_HTML_FILE`

[html]

Default:`[Save to temporary file]`

HTML report of unique values in the Processing ► Results viewer. One of:

• Skip Output

• 保存到临时文件

• 保存到文件…

### 输出

Unique values

`OUTPUT`

[table]

Summary table layer with unique values

HTML report

`OUTPUT_HTML_FILE`

[html]

HTML report of unique values. Can be opened from the Processing ► Results viewer

Total unique values

`TOTAL_VALUES`

[数字]

The number of unique values in the input field

Unique values concatenated

`UNIQUE_VALUES`

[string]

A string with the comma separated list of unique values found in the input field

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `qgis:listuniquevalues`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.11. Mean coordinate(s)

Computes a point layer with the center of mass of geometries in an input layer.

An attribute can be specified as containing weights to be applied to each feature when computing the center of mass.

If an attribute is selected in the parameter, features will be grouped according to values in this field. Instead of a single point with the center of mass of the whole layer, the output layer will contain a center of mass for the features in each category.

Default menu: Vector ► Analysis Tools

### 参数

`INPUT`

[vector: any]

Input vector layer

Weight field

`WEIGHT`

[tablefield: numeric]

Field to use if you want to perform a weighted mean

Unique ID field

`UID`

[tablefield: numeric]

Unique field on which the calculation of the mean will be made

Mean coordinates

`OUTPUT`

[vector: point]

Default:`[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the (point vector) layer for the result. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

### 输出

Mean coordinates

`OUTPUT`

[vector: point]

Resulting point(s) layer

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `native:meancoordinates`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.12. Nearest neighbour analysis

Performs nearest neighbor analysis for a point layer. The output tells you how your data are distributed (clustered, randomly or distributed).

Output is generated as an HTML file with the computed statistical values:

• Observed mean distance

• Expected mean distance

• Nearest neighbour index

• Number of points

• Z-Score: Comparing the Z-Score with the normal distribution tells you how your data are distributed. A low Z-Score means that the data are unlikely to be the result of a spatially random process, while a high Z-Score means that your data are likely to be a result of a spatially random process.

Default menu: Vector ► Analysis Tools

### 参数

`INPUT`

[vector: point]

Point vector layer to calculate the statistics on

Nearest neighbour

`OUTPUT_HTML_FILE`

[html]

Default:`[Save to temporary file]`

Specification of the HTML file for the computed statistics. One of:

• Skip Output

• 保存到临时文件

• 保存到文件…

### 输出

Nearest neighbour

`OUTPUT_HTML_FILE`

[html]

HTML file with the computed statistics

Observed mean distance

`OBSERVED_MD`

[数字]

Observed mean distance

Expected mean distance

`EXPECTED_MD`

[数字]

Expected mean distance

Nearest neighbour index

`NN_INDEX`

[数字]

Nearest neighbour index

Number of points

`POINT_COUNT`

[数字]

Number of points

Z-Score

`Z_SCORE`

[数字]

Z-Score

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `native:nearestneighbouranalysis`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.13. Overlap analysis

Calculates the area and percentage cover by which features from an input layer are overlapped by features from a selection of overlay layers.

New attributes are added to the output layer reporting the total area of overlap and percentage of the input feature overlapped by each of the selected overlay layers.

### 参数

#### Basic parameters

`INPUT`

[vector: any]

The input layer.

Overlap layers

`LAYERS`

[vector: any] [list]

The overlay layers.

Overlap

`OUTPUT`

[same as input]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the output vector layer. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

Grid size

`NEW in 3.28`

`GRID_SIZE`

[数字]

Default: Not set

If provided, the input geometries are snapped to a grid of the given size, and the result vertices are computed on that same grid. Requires GEOS 3.9.0 or higher.

### 输出

Overlap

`OUTPUT`

[same as input]

The output layer with additional fields reporting the overlap (in map units and percentage) of the input feature overlapped by each of the selected layers.

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `native:calculatevectoroverlaps`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.14. Shortest line between features

`NEW in 3.24`

Creates a line layer as the shortest line between the source and the destination layer. By default only the first nearest feature of the destination layer is taken into account. The n-nearest neighboring features number can be specified. If a maximum distance is specified, then only features which are closer than this distance will be considered.

The output features will contain all the source layer attributes, all the attributes from the n-nearest feature and the additional field of the distance.

This algorithm uses purely Cartesian calculations for distance, and does not consider geodetic or ellipsoid properties when determining feature proximity. The measurement and output coordinate system is based on the coordinate system of the source layer.

### 参数

Source layer

`SOURCE`

[vector: any]

Origin layer for which to search for nearest neighbors

Destination layer

`DESTINATION`

[vector: any]

Target Layer in which to search for nearest neighbors

Method

`METHOD`

[enumeration]

Default: 0

Shortest distance calculation method Possible values are:

• 0 --- Distance to nearest point on feature

• 1 --- Distance to feature centroid

Maximum number of neighbors

`NEIGHBORS`

[数字]

Default: 1

Maximum number of neighbors to look for

Maximum distance

`DISTANCE`

[数字]

Only destination features which are closer than this distance will be considered.

Shortest lines

`OUTPUT`

[vector: line]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the output vector layer. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

### 输出

Output layer

`OUTPUT`

[vector: line]

Line vector layer joining source features to their nearest neighbor(s) in the destination layer. Contains all attributes for both source and destination features, and the computed distance.

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `native:shortestline`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.15. ST-DBSCAN clustering

Clusters point features based on a 2D implementation of spatiotemporal Density-based clustering of applications with noise (ST-DBSCAN) algorithm.

### 参数

#### Basic parameters

`INPUT`

[vector: point]

Layer to analyze

Date/time field

`DATETIME_FIELD`

[tablefield: date]

Field containing the temporal information

Minimum cluster size

`MIN_SIZE`

[数字]

Default: 5

Minimum number of features to generate a cluster

Maximum distance between clustered points

`EPS`

[数字]

Distance beyond which two features can not belong to the same cluster (eps)

Maximum time duration between clustered points

`EPS2`

[数字]

Default: 0.0 (days)

Time duration beyond which two features can not belong to the same cluster (eps2). Available time units are milliseconds, seconds, minutes, hours, days and weeks.

Clusters

`OUTPUT`

[vector: point]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the vector layer for the result of the clustering. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

Treat border points as noise (DBSCAN*)

`DBSCAN*`

[boolean]

Default: False

If checked, points on the border of a cluster are themselves treated as unclustered points, and only points in the interior of a cluster are tagged as clustered.

Cluster field name

`FIELD_NAME`

[string]

Default: 'CLUSTER_ID'

Name of the field where the associated cluster number shall be stored

Cluster size field name

`SIZE_FIELD_NAME`

[string]

Default: 'CLUSTER_SIZE'

Name of the field with the count of features in the same cluster

### 输出

Clusters

`OUTPUT`

[vector: point]

Vector layer containing the original features with a field setting the cluster they belong to

Number of clusters

`NUM_CLUSTERS`

[数字]

The number of clusters discovered

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `native:stdbscanclustering`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.16. Statistics by categories

Calculates statistics of a field depending on a parent class. The parent class is a combination of values from other fields.

### 参数

Input vector layer

`INPUT`

[vector: any]

Input vector layer with unique classes and values

Field to calculate statistics on (if empty, only count is calculated)

`VALUES_FIELD_NAME`

[tablefield: any]

If empty only the count will be calculated

Field(s) with categories

`CATEGORIES_FIELD_NAME`

[vector: any] [list]

The fields that (combined) define the categories

Statistics by category

`OUTPUT`

[table]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the output table for the generated statistics. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

### 输出

Statistics by category

`OUTPUT`

[table]

Table containing the statistics

Depending on the type of the field being analyzed, the following statistics are returned for each grouped value:

Count (`COUNT`)

Unique values (`UNIQUE`)

Empty (null) values (`EMPTY`)

Non-empty values (`FILLED`)

Minimal value (`MIN`)

Maximal value (`MAX`)

Range (`RANGE`)

Sum (`SUM`)

Mean value (`MEAN`)

Median value (`MEDIAN`)

Standard Deviation (`STD_DEV`)

Coefficient of variation (`CV`)

Minority (rarest occurring value - `MINORITY`)

Majority (most frequently occurring value - `MAJORITY`)

First Quartile (`FIRSTQUARTILE`)

Third Quartile (`THIRDQUARTILE`)

Inter Quartile Range (`IQR`)

Minimum Length (`MIN_LENGTH`)

Mean Length (`MEAN_LENGTH`)

Maximum Length (`MAX_LENGTH`)

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `qgis:statisticsbycategories`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```

## 27.1.15.17. Sum line lengths

Takes a polygon layer and a line layer and measures the total length of lines and the total number of them that cross each polygon.

The resulting layer has the same features as the input polygon layer, but with two additional attributes containing the length and count of the lines across each polygon.

Allows features in-place modification of polygon features

Default menu: Vector ► Analysis Tools

### 参数

Lines

`LINES`

[vector: line]

Input vector line layer

Polygons

`POLYGONS`

[vector: polygon]

Polygon vector layer

Lines length field name

`LEN_FIELD`

[string]

Default: 'LENGTH'

Name of the field for the lines length

Lines count field name

`COUNT_FIELD`

[string]

Default: 'COUNT'

Name of the field for the lines count

Line length

`OUTPUT`

[vector: polygon]

Default: `[Create temporary layer]`

Specify the output polygon layer with generated statistics. One of:

• Create Temporary Layer (`TEMPORARY_OUTPUT`)

• 保存到文件…

• Save to Geopackage…

• Save to Database Table…

### 输出

Line length

`OUTPUT`

[vector: polygon]

Polygon output layer with fields of lines length and line count

### Python代码

Algorithm ID: `native:sumlinelengths`

```import processing
processing.run("algorithm_id", {parameter_dictionary})
```