Database

Export to PostgreSQL

Exports a vector layer to a PostgreSQL database. Prior to this a connection between QGIS and the PostgreSQL database has to be created (see eg Creazione della connessione).

Parameters

Label

Name

Type

Description

Layer to import

INPUT

[vector: any]

Vector layer to add to the database

Database (connection name)

DATABASE

[string]

Name of the database connection (not the database name). Existing connections will be shown in the combobox.

Schema (schema name)

Optional

SCHEMA

[string]

Default: “public”

Name of the schema to store the data. It can be a new one or already exist.

Table to import to (leave blank to use layer name)

Optional

TABLENAME

[string]

Default: “”

Defines a table name for the imported vector file. If nothing is added, the layer name will be used.

Primary key field

Optional

PRIMARY_KEY

[tablefield: any]

Sets the primary key field from an existing field in the vector layer. A column with unique values can be used as Primary key for the database.

Geometry column

GEOMETRY_COLUMN

[string]

Default: “geom”

Defines the name of the geometry column in the new PostGIS table. Geometry information for the features is stored in this column.

Encoding

Optional

ENCODING

[string]

Default: “UTF-8”

Defines the encoding of the output layer

Overwrite

OVERWRITE

[boolean]

Default: True

If the specified table exists, setting this option to True will make sure that it is deleted and a new table will be created before the features are added. If this option is False, the features will be appended to the table.

Create spatial index

CREATEINDEX

[boolean]

Default: True

Specifies whether to create a spatial index or not

Convert field names to lowercase

LOWERCASE_NAMES

[boolean]

Default: True

Converts the field names of the input vector layer to lowercase

Drop length constraint on character fields

DROP_STRING_LENGTH

[boolean]

Default: False

Should length constraints on character fields be dropped or not

Create single-part geometries instead of multi-part

FORCE_SINGLEPART

[boolean]

Default: False

Should the features of the output layer be single-part instead of multi-part. By default the existing geometries information are preserved.

Outputs

The algorithm has no output.

Export to SpatiaLite

Exports a vector layer to a SpatiaLite database. Prior to this a connection between QGIS and the SpatiaLite database has to be created (see eg SpatiaLite Layers).

Parameters

Label

Name

Type

Description

Layer to import

INPUT

[vector: any]

Vector layer to add to the database

File database

DATABASE

[vector: any]

The SQLite/SpatiaLite database file to connect to

Table to import to (leave blank to use layer name)

Optional

TABLENAME

[string]

Default: “”

Defines the table name for the imported vector file. If nothing is specified, the layer name will be used.

Primary key field

Optional

PRIMARY_KEY

[tablefield: any]

Use a field in the input vector layer as the primary key

Geometry column

GEOMETRY_COLUMN

[string]

Default: “geom”

Defines the name of the geometry column in the new SpatiaLite table. Geometry information for the features is stored in this column.

Encoding

Optional

ENCODING

[string]

Default: “UTF-8”

Defines the encoding of the output layer

Overwrite

OVERWRITE

[boolean]

Default: True

If the specified database exists, setting this option to True will make sure that it is deleted and a new database will be created before the layers are added. If this option is False, the layers will be appended.

Create spatial index

CREATEINDEX

[boolean]

Default: True

Specifies whether to create a spatial index or not

Convert field names to lowercase

LOWERCASE_NAMES

[boolean]

Default: True

Convert the field names of the input vector layer to lowercase

Drop length constraint on character fields

DROP_STRING_LENGTH

[boolean]

Default: False

Should length constraints on character fields be dropped or not

Create single-part geometries instead of multi-part

FORCE_SINGLEPART

[boolean]

Default: False

Should the features of the output layer be single-part instead of multi-part. By default the existing geometries information are preserved.

Outputs

The algorithm has no output.

Package layers

Adds layers to a GeoPackage.

If the GeoPackage exists and Overwrite existing GeoPackage is checked, it will be overwritten (removed and recreated). If the GeoPackage exists and Overwrite existing GeoPackage is not checked, the layers will be appended to the GeoPackage.

Parameters

Label

Name

Type

Description

Input layers

LAYERS

[vector: any] [list]

The (vector) layers to import into the GeoPackage. Raster layers are not supported. If a raster layer is added, a QgsProcessingException will be thrown.

Overwrite existing GeoPackage

OVERWRITE

[boolean]

Default: False

If the specified GeoPackage exists, setting this option to True will make sure that it is deleted and a new one will be created before the layers are added. If this option is False, the layers will be appended.

Destination GeoPackage

OUTPUT

[file]

If not specified the GeoPackage will be saved in the temporary folder.

Outputs

Label

Name

Type

Description

Layers within new package

OUTPUT_LAYERS

[string] [list]

The list of layers added to the GeoPackage.

PostgreSQL execute and load SQL

Allows a SQL database query to be performed on a PostgreSQL database connected to QGIS and loads the result. The algorithm won’t create any new layer: it is designed to run queries on the layer itself.

Example

  1. For all features / rows in a PostGIS / PostgreSQL table («your_table»), set the value of an existing field («field_to_update») to a given value (20). The SQL query string:

    UPDATE your_table SET field_to_update=20;
    
  2. Create a new area column and calculate the area of each feature

    with the ST_AREA PostGIS function.

    -- Create the new column "area" in a table named "your_table"
    ALTER TABLE your_table ADD COLUMN area double precision;
    -- Update the "area" column of each feature with the its area:
    UPDATE your_table SET area=ST_AREA(geom);
    

Parameters

Label

Name

Type

Description

Database (connection name)

DATABASE

[string]

The database connection (not the database name). Existing connections will be shown in the combobox.

SQL query

SQL

[string]

Defines the SQL query, for example 'UPDATE my_table SET field=10'.

Unique ID field name

ID_FIELD

[string]

Default: id

Sets the primary key field (a column in the result table)

Geometry field name

Optional

GEOMETRY_FIELD

[string]

Default: “geom”

Name of the geometry column (a column in the result table)

Outputs

Label

Name

Type

Description

SQL layer

OUTPUT

[vector: any]

The resulting vector layer to be loaded into QGIS.

PostgreSQL execute SQL

Allows a SQL database query to be performed on a PostgreSQL database connected to QGIS. The algorithm won’t create any new layer: it is designed to run queries on the layer itself.

Example

  1. For all features / rows in a PostGIS / PostgreSQL table («your_table»), set the value of an existing field («field_to_update») to a given value (20). The SQL query string:

    UPDATE your_table SET field_to_update=20;
    
  2. Create a new area column and calculate the area of each feature

    with the ST_AREA PostGIS function.

    -- Create the new column "area" in a table named "your_table"
    ALTER TABLE your_table ADD COLUMN area double precision;
    -- Update the "area" column of each feature with the its area:
    UPDATE your_table SET area=ST_AREA(geom);
    

Parameters

Label

Name

Type

Description

Database (connection name)

DATABASE

[string]

The database connection (not the database name). Existing connections will be shown in the combobox.

SQL query

SQL

[string]

Defines the SQL query, for example 'UPDATE my_table SET field=10'.

Outputs

No output is created. The SQL query is executed in place.

SpatiaLite execute SQL

Allows a SQL database query to be performed on a SpatiaLite database connected to QGIS. The algorithm won’t create any new layer: it is designed to run queries on the layer itself.

Vedi anche

PostgreSQL execute SQL, Execute SQL

For some SQL query examples see PostGIS SQL Query Examples.

Parameters

Label

Name

Type

Description

File Database

DATABASE

[vector]

Default: not set

The SQLite/SpatiaLite database file to connect to

SQL query

SQL

[string]

Default: “”

Defines the SQL query, for example 'UPDATE my_table SET field=10'.

Outputs

No output is created. The SQL query is executed in place.