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Elementul Scării Grafice

To add a scale bar, click the scaleBar Add new scalebar icon, place the element with the left mouse button on the Print Composer canvas and position and customize the appearance in the scale bar Item Properties panel.

The Item properties of a scale bar item tab provides the following functionalities (see figure_composer_scalebar):


Panoul Proprietăților pentru Elementul de tip Scară Grafică

Proprietăți principale

The Main properties dialog of the scale bar Item Properties panel provides the following functionalities (see figure_composer_scalebar_ppt):


Scale Bar Main properties Dialog

  • În primul rând, alegeți scara grafică, pentru a o atașa hărții.

  • Apoi, alegeți stilul scării grafice. Sunt disponibile șase stiluri :

    • Single box and Double box styles, which contain one or two lines of boxes alternating colors.
    • Middle, Up or Down line ticks.
    • Numeric, în care este imprimat raportul scării (ex.: 1:50000).

Unități și Segmente

The Units and Segments dialogs of the scale bar Item Properties panel provide the following functionalities (see figure_composer_scalebar_units):


Scale Bar Units and Segments Dialogs

In these two dialogs, you can set how the scale bar will be represented.

  • Select the units you want to use with Scalebar units. There are four possible choices: Map Units, the default one and Meters, Feet or Nautical Miles which may force unit conversions.
  • The Label unit multiplier specifies how many scalebar units per labeled unit. Eg, if your scalebar units are set to “meters”, a multiplier of 1000 will result in the scale bar labels in “kilometers”.
  • The Label for units field defines the text used to describe the units of the scale bar, eg “m” or “km”. This should be matched to reflect the multiplier above.
  • You can define how many Segments will be drawn on the left and on the right side of the scale bar.
  • You can set how long each segment will be (fixed width), or limit the scale bar size in mm with Fit segment width option. In the latter case, each time the map scale changes, the scale bar is resized (and its label updated) to fit the range set.
  • Height is used to define the height of the bar.


The Display dialog of the scale bar Item Properties panel provides the following functionalities (see figure_composer_scalebar_display):


Scale Bar Display

Puteți defini modul în care va fi afișată scara grafică în cadrul său.

  • Box margin : spațiul dintre bordurile textului și ale cadrului

  • Labels margin : space between text and scale bar drawing
  • Lățimea Liniei : lățimea liniei de desenare a scării grafice

  • Join style : Corners at the end of scalebar in style Bevel, Rounded or Square (only available for Scale bar style Single Box & Double Box)
  • Cap style : End of all lines in style Square, Round or Flat (only available for Scale bar style Line Ticks Up, Down and Middle)
  • Alignment : Puts text on the left, middle or right side of the frame (works only for Scale bar style Numeric)

Fonturi și culori

The Fonts and colors dialog of the scale bar Item Properties panel provides the following functionalities (see figure_composer_scalebar_fonts):


Scale Bar Fonts and colors Dialogs

You can define the fonts and colors used for the scale bar.

  • Use the [Font] button to set the font of scale bar label
  • Font color: setează culoarea fontului

  • Fill color: setează prima culoare de umplere

  • Secondary fill color: setează a doua culoare de umplere

  • Stroke color: set the color of the lines of the Scale Bar

Fill colors are only used for scale box styles Single Box and Double Box. To select a color you can use the list option using the dropdown arrow to open a simple color selection option or the more advanced color selection option, that is started when you click in the colored box in the dialog.