1.1. Cuvânt înainte
Welcome to our course! We will be showing you how to use QGIS easily and efficiently. If you are new to GIS, we will tell you what you need to get started. If you are an experienced user, you will see how QGIS fulfills all the functions you expect from a GIS program, and more!
1.1.1. Why QGIS?
As information becomes increasingly spatially aware, there is no shortage of tools able to fulfill some or all commonly used GIS functions. Why should anyone be using QGIS over some other GIS software package?
Here are only some of the reasons:
It’s free, as in lunch. Installing and using the QGIS program costs you a grand total of zero money. No initial fee, no recurring fee, nothing.
It’s free, as in liberty. If you need extra functionality in QGIS, you can do more than just hope it will be included in the next release. You can sponsor the development of a feature, or add it yourself if you are familiar with programming.
It’s constantly developing. Because anyone can add new features and improve on existing ones, QGIS never stagnates. The development of a new tool can happen as quickly as you need it to.
Extensive help and documentation is available. If you’re stuck with anything, you can turn to the extensive documentation, your fellow QGIS users, or even the developers.
Cross-platform. QGIS can be installed on macOS, Windows and Linux.
Now that you know why you want to use QGIS, these exercises will make you know how.
In 2008 we launched the Gentle Introduction to GIS, a completely free, open content resource for people who want to learn about GIS without being overloaded with jargon and new terminology. It was sponsored by the South African government and has been a phenomenal success, with people all over the world writing to us to tell us how they are using the materials to run University Training Courses, teach themselves GIS and so on. The Gentle Introduction is not a software tutorial, but rather aims to be a generic text (although we used QGIS in all examples) for someone learning about GIS. There is also the QGIS manual which provides a detailed functional overview of the QGIS application. However, it is not structured as a tutorial, but rather as a reference guide. At Linfiniti Consulting CC. we frequently run training courses and have realised that a third resource is needed - one that leads the reader sequentially through learning the key aspects of QGIS in a trainer-trainee format - which prompted us to produce this work.
Acest manual de instruire pune la dispoziție toate materialele necesare desfășurării unui curs de 5 zile despre QGIS, PostgreSQL și PostGIS. Cursul are un conținut structurat, fiind deopotrivă adecvat începătorilor, utilizatorilor intermediari sau avansați, și având multe exerciții cu răspunsuri complete adnotate.
The Free Quantum GIS Training Manual by Linfiniti Consulting CC. is based on an earlier version from Linfiniti and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at below.
We have published this QGIS training manual under a liberal license that allows you to freely copy, modify and redistribute this work. A complete copy of the license is available at the end of this document. In simple terms, the usage guidelines are as follows:
Nu puteți prezenta acest material ca fiind scris de dvs., sau să eliminați textele de acreditare din această lucrare.
Nu aveți dreptul să redistribuiți această lucrare sub permisiuni mai restrictive decât cele pe baza cărora v-a fost furnizată dumneavoastră.
If you add a substantive portion to the work and contribute it back to the project (at least one complete module) you may add your name to the end of the authors list for this document (which will appear on the front page)
Dacă efectuați modificări minore și corecturi vă puteți adăuga în lista de contribuitori de mai jos.
Dacă ați tradus acest document în întregime, vă puteți adăuga numele în lista autorilor, în felul următor „Traducere efectuată de Joe Bloggs”.
În cazul în care sponsorizați un modul sau o lecție, puteți solicita autorului să includă o informație despre acest lucru, la începutul fiecărei lecții la care ați contribuit, cum ar fi:
Această lecție a fost sponsorizată de MegaCorp.
Dacă aveți nelămuriri cu privire la ceea ce se poate face sub această licență, vă rugăm să ne contactați la email@example.com, pentru a vă informa dacă ceea ce intenționați să faceți este acceptabil.
If you publish this work under a self publishing site such as https://www.lulu.com we request that you donate the profits to the QGIS project.
You may not commercialise this work, except with the expressed permission of the authors. To be clear, by commercialisation we mean that you may not sell for profit, create commercial derivative works (e.g. selling content for use as articles in a magazine). The exception to this is if all the profits are given to the QGIS project. You may (and we encourage you to do so) use this work as a text book when conducting training courses, even if the course itself is commercial in nature. In other words, you are welcome to make money by running a training course that uses this work as a text book, but you may not profit off the sales of the book itself - all such profits should be contributed back to QGIS.
1.1.4. Capitole Sponsorizate
This work is by no means a complete treatise on all the things you can do with QGIS and we encourage others to add new materials to fill any gaps. Linfiniti Consulting CC. can also create additional materials for you as a commercial service, with the understanding that all such works produced should become part of the core content and be published under the same license.
1.1.6. Contribuții Individuale
Introduceţi numele dvs. aici!
Universitatea de Tehnologie din Cape Peninsula
1.1.8. Fișiere sursă și rapoarte despre probleme
În ciuda eforturilor depuse, ați putea găsi unele erori sau ați putea omite unele informații pe durata acestei instruiri. Vă rugăm să le raportați la https://github.com/qgis/QGIS-Documentation/issues.
1.1.9. Ultima versiune
You can always obtain the latest version of this document by visiting the online version which is part of the QGIS documentation website (https://docs.qgis.org).
The documentation website contains links to both online and PDF versions of the Training manual and other parts of the QGIS documentation.