Outdated version of the documentation. Find the latest one here.

2.2. Lesson: Добавление Вашего первого слоя

Мы запустим программу и создадим основную карту для использования в примерах и уроках.

Цель урока: Начать с картой-образцом.


Before starting this exercise, QGIS must be installed on your computer. Also, download the training_manual_exercise_data.zip file from the QGIS data downloads area.

Запустите QGIS из иконки на рабочем столе, меню Пуск и т.п., в зависимости от того. как Вы настроили его установку.


The screenshots for this course were taken in QGIS 2.0 running on MacOS. Depending on your setup, the screens you encounter may well appear somewhat different. However, all the same buttons will still be available, and the instructions will work on any OS. You will need QGIS 2.0 (the latest version at time of writing) to use this course.

Давайте начнём!

2.2.1. basic Follow Along: Подготовьте карту

  • Откройте QGIS. Вы увидите новую, пустую карту.

  • Look for the Add Vector Layer button: addOgrLayer
  • Click on it to open the following dialog:
  • Click on the Browse button and navigate to the file exercise_data/epsg4326/roads.shp (in your course directory). With this file selected, click Open. You will see the original dialog, but with the file path filled in. Click Open here as well. The data you specified will now load.

Поздравляем! Теперь у Вас есть основная карта. Самое время сохраниться.

  • Click on the Save As button: fileSaveAs
  • Save the map under exercise_data/ and call it basic_map.qgs.

Проверьте результат

2.2.2. In Conclusion

Вы научились добавлять слой и создавать карту!

2.2.3. What’s Next?

Now you’re familiar with the function of the Add Vector Layer button, but what about all the others? How does this interface work? Before we go on with the more involved stuff, let’s first take a good look at the general layout of the QGIS interface. This is the topic of the next lesson.