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Введение

This chapter introduces the QGIS processing framework, a geoprocessing environment that can be used to call native and third-party algorithms from QGIS, making your spatial analysis tasks more productive and easy to accomplish.

In the following sections, we will review how to use the graphical elements of this framework and make the most out of each one of them.

There are four basic elements in the framework GUI, which are used to run algorithms for different purposes. Choosing one tool or another will depend on the kind of analysis that is to be performed and the particular characteristics of each user and project. All of them (except for the batch processing interface, which is called from the toolbox, as we will see) can be accessed from the Processing menu item. (You will see more than four entries. The remaining ones are not used to execute algorithms and will be explained later in this chapter.)

  • Панель инструментов. Является основным элементом графического интерфейса, позволяет выполнять как единичный алгоритм, так и запускать групповую обработку.

Figure Processing 1:

../../../_images/toolbox3.png

Панель инструментов win

  • The graphical modeler. Several algorithms can be combined graphically using the modeler to define a workflow, creating a single process that involves several subprocesses.

Figure Processing 2:

../../../_images/models.png

Редактор моделей win

  • The history manager. All actions performed using any of the aforementioned elements are stored in a history file and can be later easily reproduced using the history manager.

Figure Processing 3:

../../../_images/history2.png

Журнал win

  • Интерфейс пакетной обработки. Позволяет применять один алгоритм к нескольким наборам данных одновременно.

Figure Processing 4:

../../../_images/batch_processing.png

Интерфейс групповой обработки win

In the following sections, we will review each one of these elements in detail.