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# Terrain morphometry¶

## Convergence index¶

### Tanım¶

Calculates an index of convergence/divergence regarding to overland flow. By its meaning it is similar to plan or horizontal curvature, but gives much smoother results. The calculation uses the aspects of surrounding cells, i.e. it looks to which degree surrounding cells point to the center cell. The result is given as percentages, negative values correspond to convergent, positive to divergent flow conditions. Minus 100 would be like a peak of a cone, plus 100 a pit, and 0 an even slope.

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Method [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] Aspect

Default: 0

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] 2 x 2
• 1 — [1] 3 x 3

Default: 0

### Çıkışlar¶

Convergence Index [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:convergenceindex', elevation, method, neighbours, result)

### Ayrıca bakınız¶

• Koethe, R. / Lehmeier, F. (1996): ‘SARA, System zur Automatischen Relief-Analyse’, Benutzerhandbuch, 2. Auflage [Geogr. Inst. Univ. Goettingen, unpublished]

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>

<put parameter description here>

Default: 10

Distance Weighting [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] no distance weighting
• 1 — [1] inverse distance to a power
• 2 — [2] exponential
• 3 — [3] gaussian weighting

Default: 0

Inverse Distance Weighting Power [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1

Inverse Distance Offset [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Gaussian and Exponential Weighting Bandwidth [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Difference [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] direction to the center cell
• 1 — [1] center cell’s aspect direction

Default: 0

### Çıkışlar¶

Convergence Index [raster]
<put output description here>

## Curvature classification¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Plan Curvature [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Profile Curvature [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Threshold for plane [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0.001

### Çıkışlar¶

Curvature Classification [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:curvatureclassification', cplan, cprof, threshold, class)

## Diurnal anisotropic heating¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Alpha Max (Degree) [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 202.5

### Çıkışlar¶

Diurnal Anisotropic Heating [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:diurnalanisotropicheating', dem, alpha_max, dah)

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Vertical Distance [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 10

Output [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] distance
• 1 — [1] gradient (tangens)
• 2 — [2] gradient (degree)

Default: 0

### Çıkışlar¶

<put output description here>
<put output description here>

## Effective air flow heights¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Wind Direction [raster]

Optional.

<put parameter description here>

Wind Speed [raster]

Optional.

<put parameter description here>

Constant Wind Direction [Degree] [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 135

Old Version [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Search Distance [km] [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 300

Acceleration [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1.5

Use Pyramids with New Version [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Lee Factor [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0.5

Luv Factor [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1.0

Wind Direction Units [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 1 — [1] degree

Default: 0

Wind Speed Scale Factor [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1.0

### Çıkışlar¶

Effective Air Flow Heights [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:effectiveairflowheights', dem, dir, len, dir_const, oldver, maxdist, accel, pyramids, leefact, luvfact, dir_units, len_scale, afh)

## Hypsometry¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Number of Classes [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 100.0

Sort [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] up
• 1 — [1] down

Default: 0

Classification Constant [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] height
• 1 — [1] area

Default: 0

Use Z-Range [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Z-Range Min [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0.0

Z-Range Max [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1000.0

### Çıkışlar¶

Hypsometry [table]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:hypsometry', elevation, count, sorting, method, bzrange, zrange_min, zrange_max, table)

## Land surface temperature¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [m] [raster]
<put parameter description here>
<put parameter description here>
Leaf Area Index [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Elevation at Reference Station [m] [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0.0

Temperature at Reference Station [Deg.Celsius] [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0.0

<put parameter description here>

Default: 6.5

C Factor [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1.0

### Çıkışlar¶

Land Surface Temperature [Deg.Celsius] [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:landsurfacetemperature', dem, swr, lai, z_reference, t_reference, t_gradient, c_factor, lst)

## Mass balance index¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Vertical Distance to Channel Network [raster]

Optional.

<put parameter description here>

T Slope [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 15.0

T Curvature [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0.01

T Vertical Distance to Channel Network [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 15.0

### Çıkışlar¶

Mass Balance Index [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:massbalanceindex', dem, hrel, tslope, tcurve, threl, mbi)

## Morphometric protection index¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>

<put parameter description here>

Default: 2000.0

### Çıkışlar¶

Protection Index [raster]
<put output description here>

## Multiresolution index of valley bottom flatness (mrvbf)¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Initial Threshold for Slope [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 16

Threshold for Elevation Percentile (Lowness) [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0.4

Threshold for Elevation Percentile (Upness) [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0.35

Shape Parameter for Slope [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 4.0

Shape Parameter for Elevation Percentile [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 3.0

Update Views [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Classify [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Maximum Resolution (Percentage) [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 100

### Çıkışlar¶

MRVBF [raster]
<put output description here>
MRRTF [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:multiresolutionindexofvalleybottomflatnessmrvbf', dem, t_slope, t_pctl_v, t_pctl_r, p_slope, p_pctl, update, classify, max_res, mrvbf, mrrtf)

## Real area calculation¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>

### Çıkışlar¶

Real Area Grid [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:realareacalculation', dem, area)

## Relative heights and slope positions¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
w [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0.5

t [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 10.0

e [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 2.0

### Çıkışlar¶

Slope Height [raster]
<put output description here>
Valley Depth [raster]
<put output description here>
Normalized Height [raster]
<put output description here>
Standardized Height [raster]
<put output description here>
Mid-Slope Positon [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:relativeheightsandslopepositions', dem, w, t, e, ho, hu, nh, sh, ms)

## Slope, aspect, curvature¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Method [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] Maximum Slope (Travis et al. 1975)
• 1 — [1] Maximum Triangle Slope (Tarboton 1997)
• 2 — [2] Least Squares Fitted Plane (Horn 1981, Costa-Cabral & Burgess 1996)
• 3 — [3] Fit 2.Degree Polynom (Bauer, Rohdenburg, Bork 1985)
• 4 — [4] Fit 2.Degree Polynom (Heerdegen & Beran 1982)
• 5 — [5] Fit 2.Degree Polynom (Zevenbergen & Thorne 1987)
• 6 — [6] Fit 3.Degree Polynom (Haralick 1983)

Default: 5

### Çıkışlar¶

Slope [raster]
<put output description here>
Aspect [raster]
<put output description here>
Curvature [raster]
<put output description here>
Plan Curvature [raster]
<put output description here>
Profile Curvature [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:slopeaspectcurvature', elevation, method, slope, aspect, curv, hcurv, vcurv)

## Surface specific points¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Method [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] Mark Highest Neighbour
• 1 — [1] Opposite Neighbours
• 2 — [2] Flow Direction
• 3 — [3] Flow Direction (up and down)
• 4 — [4] Peucker & Douglas

Default: 0

Threshold [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 2.0

### Çıkışlar¶

Result [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:surfacespecificpoints', elevation, method, threshold, result)

## Terrain ruggedness index (tri)¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1

Distance Weighting [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] no distance weighting
• 1 — [1] inverse distance to a power
• 2 — [2] exponential
• 3 — [3] gaussian weighting

Default: 0

Inverse Distance Weighting Power [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1

Inverse Distance Offset [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Gaussian and Exponential Weighting Bandwidth [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1.0

### Çıkışlar¶

Terrain Ruggedness Index (TRI) [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:terrainruggednessindextri', dem, radius, distance_weighting_weighting, distance_weighting_idw_power, distance_weighting_idw_offset, distance_weighting_bandwidth, tri)

## Topographic position index (tpi)¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Standardize [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0.0

<put parameter description here>

Default: 100.0

Distance Weighting [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] no distance weighting
• 1 — [1] inverse distance to a power
• 2 — [2] exponential
• 3 — [3] gaussian weighting

Default: 0

Inverse Distance Weighting Power [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1

Inverse Distance Offset [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Gaussian and Exponential Weighting Bandwidth [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 75.0

### Çıkışlar¶

Topographic Position Index [raster]
<put output description here>

## Tpi based landform classification¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0

<put parameter description here>

Default: 100

<put parameter description here>

Default: 0

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1000

Distance Weighting [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] no distance weighting
• 1 — [1] inverse distance to a power
• 2 — [2] exponential
• 3 — [3] gaussian weighting

Default: 0

Inverse Distance Weighting Power [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1

Inverse Distance Offset [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Gaussian and Exponential Weighting Bandwidth [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 75.0

### Çıkışlar¶

Landforms [raster]
<put output description here>

## Vector ruggedness measure (vrm)¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1

Distance Weighting [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 0 — [0] no distance weighting
• 1 — [1] inverse distance to a power
• 2 — [2] exponential
• 3 — [3] gaussian weighting

Default: 0

Inverse Distance Weighting Power [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1

Inverse Distance Offset [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Gaussian and Exponential Weighting Bandwidth [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1

### Çıkışlar¶

Vector Terrain Ruggedness (VRM) [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:vectorruggednessmeasurevrm', dem, radius, distance_weighting_weighting, distance_weighting_idw_power, distance_weighting_idw_offset, distance_weighting_bandwidth, vrm)

## Wind effect¶

### Tanım¶

<put algorithm description here>

### Parametreler¶

Elevation [raster]
<put parameter description here>
Wind Direction [raster]

Optional.

<put parameter description here>

Wind Speed [raster]

Optional.

<put parameter description here>

Constant Wind Direction [Degree] [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 135

Old Version [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Search Distance [km] [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 300.0

Acceleration [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1.5

Use Pyramids [boolean]

<put parameter description here>

Default: True

Wind Direction Units [selection]

<put parameter description here>

Options:

• 1 — [1] degree

Default: 0

Wind Speed Scale Factor [number]

<put parameter description here>

Default: 1.0

### Çıkışlar¶

Wind Effect [raster]
<put output description here>
Windward Effect [raster]
<put output description here>
Leeward Effect [raster]
<put output description here>

### Konsol kullanımı¶

processing.runalg('saga:windeffect', dem, dir, len, dir_const, oldver, maxdist, accel, pyramids, dir_units, len_scale, effect, luv, lee)