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A Biblioteca de Símbolos


The Symbol Library is the place where users can create generic symbols to be used in several QGIS projects. It allows users to export and import symbols, groups symbols and add, edit and remove symbols. You can open it with the Settings ‣ Style Library or from the Style tab in the vector layer’s Properties.

Share and import symbols

Users can export and import symbols in two main formats: qml (QGIS format) and SLD (OGC standard). Note that SLD format is not fully supported by QGIS.

user share item displays a drop down list to let the user import or export symbols.

Grupos e grupos inteligentes

Groups are categories of Symbols and smart groups are dynamic groups.

To create a group, right-click on an existing group or on the main Groups directory in the left of the library. You can also select a group and click on the mActionSignPlus add item button.

To add a symbol into a group, you can either right click on a symbol then choose Apply group and then the group name added before. There is a second way to add several symbols into group: just select a group and click mActionChangeLabelProperties and choose Group Symbols. All symbols display a checkbox that allow you to add the symbol into the selected groups. When finished, you can click on the same button, and choose Finish Grouping.

Create Smart Symbols is similar to creating group, but instead select Smart Groups. The dialog box allow user to choose the expression to select symbols in order to appear in the smart group (contains some tags, member of a group, have a string in its name, etc.)

Add, edit, remove symbol

With the Style manager from the [Symbol] selectstring menu you can manage your symbols. You can mActionSignPlus add item, editedit item, mActionSignMinus remove item and user share item. ‘Marker’ symbols, ‘Line’ symbols, ‘Fill’ patterns and ‘colour ramps’ can be used to create the symbols. The symbols are then assigned to ‘All Symbols’, ‘Groups’ or ‘Smart groups’.

Para cada tipo de símbolos, você encontrará sempre a mesma estrutura de diálogo:

  • at the top left side a symbol representation
  • under the symbol representation the symbol tree show the symbol layers
  • at the right you can setup some parameter (unit,transparency, color, size and rotation)
  • under these parameters you find some symbol from the symbols library

The symbol tree allow adding, removing or protect new simple symbol. You can move up or down the symbol layer.

More detailed settings can be made when clicking on the second level in the Symbol layers dialog. You can define Symbol layers that are combined afterwards. A symbol can consist of several Symbol layers. Settings will be shown later in this chapter.


Note that once you have set the size in the lower levels of the Symbol layers dialog, the size of the whole symbol can be changed with the Size menu in the first level again. The size of the lower levels changes accordingly, while the size ratio is maintained.

Marcador de Símbolos

Marcadores de Símbolos possuem vários tipos símbolo da camada:

  • Marcador Elipse

  • Marcador da Fonte

  • Marcado Simples (padrão)

  • Marcadores SVG

  • Marcadores de campos vetoriais

The following settings are possible:

  • : guilabel: Tipo do Símbolo da camada: Você tem a opção de usar marcadores de elipse, marcadores de fonte, marcadores simples, marcadores SVG e marcadores de campo vetorial.

  • cores

  • Tamanho

  • Estilo de contorno

  • Largura do contorno

  • Ângulo

  • : guilabel: ‘Deslocamento X,Y`: Você pode mudar o símbolo na direção -x ou -y.

  • Ancorar ponto

  • Definor propriedades dos dados ...

Símbolos de linha

Símbolos marcador de linha têm apenas dois tipos símbolo da camada:

  • Marcadores de linha

  • Linha simples (padrão)

The default symbol layer type draws a simple line whereas the other display a marker point regularly on the line. You can choose different location vertex, interval or central point. Marker line can have offset along the line or offset line. Finally, rotation allows you to change the orientation of the symbol.

The following settings are possible:

  • Coloração

  • Espessura da caneta

  • Deslocamento

  • Estilo da caneta

  • Estilo da união

  • Estilo da capa

  • checkbox Use custom dash pattern
  • Unidade padrão do traço

  • Definor propriedades dos dados ...

Símbolos do polígono

Marcador de Símbolos do Polígono tem também vários tipos símbolo da camada:

  • Preenchimento do centroide

  • Preenchimento em gradiente

  • Preenchimento de linha padrão

  • Preenchimento de ponto padrão

  • Preenchimento de imagem raster

  • Preenchimento SVG

  • Preenchimento estourar feição

  • Preenchimento Simples (padrão)

  • Contorno: linha de marcação (o mesmo que marcador de linha)

  • Contorno: linha simples (o mesmo que marcador de linha)

The following settings are possible:

  • Cores para a borda e o preenchimento.

  • Estilo de preenchimento

  • Estilo de borda

  • Espessura da borda

  • Deslocamento X,Y

  • Definor propriedades dos dados ...

Using the color combo box, you can drag and drop color for one color button to another button, copy-paste color, pick color from somewhere, choose a color from the palette or from recent or standard color. The combo box allow you to fill in the feature with transparency. You can also just click on the button to open the palettte dialog. Note that you can import color from some external software like GIMP.

Com o “preenchimento de imagem Raster ‘você pode preencher polígonos uma imagem raster com azulejos. As opções incluem (dados definidos) nome do arquivo, a opacidade, tamanho da imagem (em pixels, mm ou unidades de mapa), o modo (recurso ou vista) e rotação de coordenadas.

‘Gradient Fill’ Symbol layer type allows you to select between a radiobuttonon Two color and radiobuttonoff Color ramp setting. You can use the checkbox Feature centroid as Referencepoint. All fills ‘Gradient Fill` Symbol layer type is also available through the Symbol menu of the Categorized and Graduated Renderer and through the Rule properties menu of the Rule-based renderer. Other possibility is to choose a ‘shapeburst fill’ which is a buffered gradient fill, where a gradient is drawn from the boundary of a polygon towards the polygon’s centre. Configurable parameters include distance from the boundary to shade, use of color ramps or simple two color gradients, optional blurring of the fill and offsets.

É possível apenas desenhar bordas do polígonos dentro do polígono. Usando ‘Contorno: linha simples’ selecionando | caixa |: guilabel: Desenhar linha só dentro polígono.

Color ramp

You can create a custom color ramp choosing New color ramp... from the color ramp drop-down menu. A dialog will prompt for the ramp type: Gradient, Random, colorBrewer, or cpt-city. The first three have options for number of steps and/or multiple stops in the color ramp. You can use the checkbox Invert option while classifying the data with a color ramp. See figure_symbology_3 for an example of custom color ramp and figure_symbology_3a for the cpt-city dialog.

Figure Symbology 3:


Example of custom gradient color ramp with multiple stops nix

A opção cpt-city abrirá um novo diálogo com centenas de temas incluídos ‘fora da caixa’

Figure Symbology 3a:


cpt-city dialog with hundreds of color ramps nix