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La librería Símbolo


The Symbol Library is the place where users can create generic symbols to be used in several QGIS projects. It allows users to export and import symbols, groups symbols and add, edit and remove symbols. You can open it with the Settings ‣ Style Library or from the Style tab in the vector layer’s Properties.

Share and import symbols

Users can export and import symbols in two main formats: qml (QGIS format) and SLD (OGC standard). Note that SLD format is not fully supported by QGIS.

user share item displays a drop down list to let the user import or export symbols.

Grupos y grupos inteligentes

Groups are categories of Symbols and smart groups are dynamic groups.

To create a group, right-click on an existing group or on the main Groups directory in the left of the library. You can also select a group and click on the mActionSignPlus add item button.

To add a symbol into a group, you can either right click on a symbol then choose Apply group and then the group name added before. There is a second way to add several symbols into group: just select a group and click mActionChangeLabelProperties and choose Group Symbols. All symbols display a checkbox that allow you to add the symbol into the selected groups. When finished, you can click on the same button, and choose Finish Grouping.

Create Smart Symbols is similar to creating group, but instead select Smart Groups. The dialog box allow user to choose the expression to select symbols in order to appear in the smart group (contains some tags, member of a group, have a string in its name, etc.)

Add, edit, remove symbol

With the Style manager from the [Symbol] selectstring menu you can manage your symbols. You can mActionSignPlus add item, editedit item, mActionSignMinus remove item and user share item. ‘Marker’ symbols, ‘Line’ symbols, ‘Fill’ patterns and ‘colour ramps’ can be used to create the symbols. The symbols are then assigned to ‘All Symbols’, ‘Groups’ or ‘Smart groups’.

Para cada tipo de símbolo, siempre encontrará la misma estructura de diálogo:

  • at the top left side a symbol representation
  • under the symbol representation the symbol tree show the symbol layers
  • at the right you can setup some parameter (unit,transparency, color, size and rotation)
  • under these parameters you find some symbol from the symbols library

The symbol tree allow adding, removing or protect new simple symbol. You can move up or down the symbol layer.

More detailed settings can be made when clicking on the second level in the Symbol layers dialog. You can define Symbol layers that are combined afterwards. A symbol can consist of several Symbol layers. Settings will be shown later in this chapter.


Note that once you have set the size in the lower levels of the Symbol layers dialog, the size of the whole symbol can be changed with the Size menu in the first level again. The size of the lower levels changes accordingly, while the size ratio is maintained.

Símbolos de marcador

Símbolos de marcador tienen varios tipos de capas de símbolos:

  • Marcador de elipse

  • Marcador de fuente

  • Marcador sencillo (por defecto)

  • Marcador SVG

  • Marcador campo vectorial

The following settings are possible:

  • Tipo de capa de símbolo: Se tiene la opción para utilizar marcadores de elipse, marcadores de fuente, marcadores sencillos, marcadores SVG y marcadores de campo vectorial.

  • Colores

  • Tamaño

  • Estilo de línea exterior

  • Anchura de línea exterior

  • Ángulo

  • Desplazamiento X, Y: Se puede cambiar el símbolo en la dirección x- o y-.

  • Punto de anclaje

  • Propiedades definidas por datos ...

Símbolos línea

Símbolos de línea de marcador tienen sólo dos tipos de símbolo:

  • Línea de marcador

  • Línea sencilla (por defecto)

The default symbol layer type draws a simple line whereas the other display a marker point regularly on the line. You can choose different location vertex, interval or central point. Marker line can have offset along the line or offset line. Finally, rotation allows you to change the orientation of the symbol.

The following settings are possible:

  • Color

  • Anchura de plumilla

  • Desplazamiento

  • Estilo de plumilla

  • Estilo de unión

  • Estilo de mayusculas

  • checkbox Usar patrón de guiones personalizado

  • Unidad patrón de guiones

  • Propiedades definidas por datos ...

Símbolos de polígono

Símbolos de marcador de polígonos también tienen varios tipos de capas de símbolo:

  • Relleno de centroides

  • Relleno de gradiente

  • Patrón de relleno de línea

  • Patrón de relleno de puntos

  • Relleno de imagen ráster

  • Relleno SVG

  • Relleno shapeburst

  • Relleno sencillo (por defecto)

  • Línea exterior: línea de marcador (el mismo como marcador de línea)

  • Línea exterior: línea sencilla (la misma como marcador de línea)

The following settings are possible:

  • Colores para el contorno y el relleno.

  • Estilo de relleno

  • Estilo de borde

  • Ancho de borde

  • Desplazamiento X, Y

  • Propiedades definidas por datos ...

Using the color combo box, you can drag and drop color for one color button to another button, copy-paste color, pick color from somewhere, choose a color from the palette or from recent or standard color. The combo box allow you to fill in the feature with transparency. You can also just click on the button to open the palettte dialog. Note that you can import color from some external software like GIMP.

Con el relleno de imagen ráster’ se puede rellenar polígonos con una imagen de trama de azulejos. Las opciones incluyen (datos definidos) nombre de archivo, opacidad, anchura de imagen (en píxeles, mm o unidades de mapa), modo de coordenadas (objeto o área de visualización) y la rotación.

‘Gradient Fill’ Symbol layer type allows you to select between a radiobuttonon Two color and radiobuttonoff Color ramp setting. You can use the checkbox Feature centroid as Referencepoint. All fills ‘Gradient Fill` Symbol layer type is also available through the Symbol menu of the Categorized and Graduated Renderer and through the Rule properties menu of the Rule-based renderer. Other possibility is to choose a ‘shapeburst fill’ which is a buffered gradient fill, where a gradient is drawn from the boundary of a polygon towards the polygon’s centre. Configurable parameters include distance from the boundary to shade, use of color ramps or simple two color gradients, optional blurring of the fill and offsets.

Esto es posible solamente para dibujar los bordes del polígonos dentro del polígono. El uso de ‘Línea exterior: Línea sencilla’ seleccionar checkbox Dibujar línea sólo dentro del polígono.

Color ramp

You can create a custom color ramp choosing New color ramp... from the color ramp drop-down menu. A dialog will prompt for the ramp type: Gradient, Random, colorBrewer, or cpt-city. The first three have options for number of steps and/or multiple stops in the color ramp. You can use the checkbox Invert option while classifying the data with a color ramp. See figure_symbology_3 for an example of custom color ramp and figure_symbology_3a for the cpt-city dialog.

Figure Symbology 3:


Example of custom gradient color ramp with multiple stops nix

La opción cpt-city abre un nuevo diálogo con cientos de temas incluidos ‘fuera de la caja’.

Figure Symbology 3a:


cpt-city dialog with hundreds of color ramps nix