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Raster Terrain Analysis Plugin

dem_analysis The Raster Terrain Analysis Plugin can be used to calculate the slope, aspect, hillshade, ruggedness index and relief for digital elevation models (DEM). It is very simple to handle and provides an intuitive graphical user interface for creating new raster layers (See Figure_raster_terrain_1).

Descrição da análise:

  • Declive: Calcula o ângulo de declive para cada célula em graus (baseado na estimativa da derivada de primeira ordem).

  • Aspecto: Exposição (começando de 0 na direção norte, em graus antihorário).

  • Hillshade: Create shaded map using light and shadow to provide a more three-dimensional appearance for a shaded relief map.
  • Ruggedness Index: A quantitative measurement of terrain heterogeneity as described by Riley et al. (1999). It is calculated for every location, by summarizing the change in elevation within the 3x3 pixel grid.
  • Relief: Creating a shaded relief map from digital elevation data. Implemented is a method to choose the elevation colors analysing the frequency distribution.

Figure Raster Terrain 1:


Raster Terrain Modelling Plugin (slope calculation)

Usando o complemento

  1. Start QGIS and load the gtopo30 raster layer from the GRASS sample location.
  2. Load the Raster Terrain Analysis plugin in the Plugin Manager (see Section Carregar um complemento interno)
  3. Select an analysis method from menu (e.g. Raster ‣ Terrain Analysis ‣ Slope). The Slope dialog appears as shown in Figure_raster_terrain_1.
  4. Especifique um caminho para o arquivo de saída, e um tipo de arquivo de saída.

  5. Clique [OK].