` `

Complemento Verificador de Geometria

O “Geometry Checker” é um plugin de núcleo poderoso para verificar e corrigir a validade da geometria de uma camada. A caixa de diálogo: guilabel: Geometry Checker mostra diferentes configurações agrupadas na primeira guia (: guilabel:` Configurações ‘):

  • Input vector layer: to select the layer to check. A checkbox Only selected features checkbox can filter the geometry to the one selected.
  • Geometry validity: give to the user the choice between Self intersections, Duplicate nodes, Polygon with less than 3 nodes.
  • Allowed geometry types: to allow only some geometry types like point, multipoint, line, multiline, polygon and multipolygon.
  • Geometry properties displays checkbox Polygons and multipolygons may not contain any holes and checkbox Multipart objects must consist of more than one part.
  • Geometry conditions: user can add some condition to validate the geometries with a minimal segment length, a minimum angle between segment, a minimal polygon area and sliver polygons detection.
  • Topology checks: checks for duplicates, for features within other features, overlaps smaller than a number, for gaps smaller than a number.
  • Tolerance: you can define here the tolerance for the check.
  • Output vector layer gives the choice to the user how get the result between modifiy the current layer and create a new layer.

After you are happy with the configuration, you can click on the [Run] button.

The results appear in the second tab and as an overview layer of the errors in the canvas (its name is checker). A table list the geometry check result with one error by row: the first row is an ID, the second the reason of the error, then the coordinates of the error, a value (depending on the type of the error) and finally the resolution column which indicates the resolution of the error. At the bottom of this table, you can export the error into a shapefile. At the left, you have the number of the errors and the fixed errors.

../../../_images/check_geometries.png

The Geometry Checker Plugin

The Geometry Checker Plugin can find the following errors:

  • Self intersections: a polygon with a self intersection,
  • Duplicate nodes: two duplicates nodes in a segment
  • Holes: hole in a polygon,
  • Segment length: a segment length lower than a threshold,
  • Minimum angle: two segments with an angle lower than a threshold,
  • Minimum area: polygon area lower than a treshold,
  • Silver polygon: this error come from very small polygon (with small area) with a large perimeter,
  • Duplicates features,
  • Feature within feature,
  • Overlaps: polygon overlapping,
  • Gaps: gaps between polygons

The following figure shows the different checks made by the plugin.

../../../_images/geometry_checker_scheme.png

The Differents checks supported by the plugin

You can select a row to see the localisation of the error. You can change this behaviour by selecting another action between error (default), Feature, Don’t move, and checkbox Highlight contour of selected features.

Below the zoom action when clicking on the table row, you can Show the selected features in attribute table, Fix selected errors using default resolution and Fix selected errors, prompt for resolution method. In the latter, you will see a window to choose the resolution’s method among which:

  • Merge with neighboring polygon with longest shared edge,
  • Merge with neighboring polygon with largest area,
  • Merge with neighboring polygon identical attribute value,if any, or leave as it
  • Delete feature
  • No action

Dica

Fix multiple errors

You can fix multiple errors by selecting more than one row in the table with the CTRL + click action.

The default action could be changed with the last icon Error resolution settings. For some type of errors, you can change the default action between some specific action or No action.

Finally, you can choose which attribute to use when merging features by attribute value.