Trabalhando com dados raster

This Section describes how to visualize and set raster layer properties. QGIS uses the GDAL library to read and write raster data formats, including Arc/Info Binary Grid, Arc/Info ASCII Grid, GeoTIFF, Erdas Imagine and many more. GRASS raster support is supplied by a native QGIS data provider plugin. The raster data can also be loaded in read mode from zip and gzip archives into QGIS.

Na data deste documento, mais de 100 formatos raster são suportados pela biblioteca GDAL (ver GDAL-SOFTWARE SUITE-: ref: literature_and_web). A lista completa está disponível no http://www.gdal.org/formats_list.html.

Nota

Not all of the listed formats may work in QGIS for various reasons. For example, some require external commercial libraries or the GDAL installation of your OS was not built to support the format you want to use. Only those formats that have been well tested will appear in the list of file types when loading a raster into QGIS. Other untested formats can be loaded by selecting the [GDAL] All files (*) filter.

Trabalhando com dados raster GRASS é descrito na Seção : ref:sec_grass.

O que são dados raster?

Raster data in GIS are matrices of discrete cells that represent features on, above or below the earth’s surface. Each cell in the raster grid is the same size, and cells are usually rectangular (in QGIS they will always be rectangular). Typical raster datasets include remote sensing data such as aerial photography or satellite imagery and modelled data such as an elevation matrix.

Unlike vector data, raster data typically do not have an associated database record for each cell. They are geocoded by its pixel resolution and the x/y coordinate of a corner pixel of the raster layer. This allows QGIS to position the data correctly in the map canvas.

QGIS makes use of georeference information inside the raster layer (e.g. GeoTiff) or in an appropriate world file to properly display the data.

Loading raster data in QGIS

Raster layers are loaded either by clicking on the mActionAddRasterLayer Add Raster Layer icon or by selecting the Layer ‣ mActionAddRasterLayer Add Raster Layer menu option. More than one layer can be loaded at the same time by holding down the Control or Shift key and clicking on multiple items in the dialog Open a GDAL Supported Raster Data Source.

Uma vez que uma camada for carregada na legenda do mapa, você pode clicar sobre o nome da camada com o botão direito do mouse para selecionar e ativar feições específicas da camada ou para abrir uma caixa de diálogo para definir as propriedades raster para a camada.

Menus do Botão direito do mouse para camadas raster

  • Aproximar a camada a sua extensão

  • Zoom to Best Scale (100%)
  • Show in Overview
  • Remover

  • Duplicate
  • Set Layer CRS
  • Set Project CRS from Layer
  • Save as ...
  • Properties
  • Rename
  • Copy Style
  • Add New Group
  • Expandir tudo

  • Fechar tudo

  • Update Drawing Order